Drought threatens Istanbul..and an environmental scientist reveals the reasons

Drought threatens Istanbul..and an environmental scientist reveals the reasons
Drought threatens Istanbul..and an environmental scientist reveals the reasons
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The dams of the Turkish city of Istanbul recorded record levels of drought that prevailed in other cities of the country, as a result of this, the occupancy rate of some of the city’s dams decreased to less than 10%, which is happening for the first time.

What are the reasons that threaten Istanbul drought?

According to data published by the Water Administration in Istanbul, the occupancy rate of the city’s dams was measured at 30% on January 18, which means that the occupancy rate of dams in Turkey’s second largest city is dropping to alarming levels, according to what was described by the Turkish environmental scientist Lavent Artuz.

An increase in pollution values

Artuz, who works in the Marmara Environmental Monitoring Project, known as MAREM in Turkish, revealed the causes of drought threatening Istanbul and some Turkish states, which are not limited to global warming and climate change, as he put it.

He also added to Al-Arabiya.net that “the drought threatening Istanbul is caused by global warming and climate change. In addition, there has been an increase in pollution values ​​over the past twenty years, as a result of uncontrolled and unregulated waste disposal in the Sea of ​​Marmara, which affects the Istanbul and the entire Thrace region.

He also explained that “over the past twenty years, temperatures in the Sea of ​​Marmara have been measured and reached 2.5 degrees above average values, exceeding global warming, just like water in a dark vessel under the sun,” noting that “I believe it will be useful to look at climate changes.” current and potential in the region and take it seriously to avoid an expected drought.

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A dry lake in Istanbul (archives from France Press)

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Unusual

It is noteworthy that the city of Istanbul witnessed an unusually high temperature this month, although it often snows in January.

However, this did not happen this year after the temperatures on some days of this month reached 21, which immediately led to a reduction in the occupancy rate of some of the city’s dams to less than 10%, according to the Istanbul Water Department, which described the drop in the levels of dams in the city as “the lowest.” In the last ten years.

She justified this by the lack of heavy rains in the winter, as was the case a decade ago, and as a result, the occupancy of some of the city’s dams was reduced to less than 10%.

579 water dams

It is noteworthy that at this time in 2019, the dams of Istanbul, whose population needs 2,911,000 cubic meters of water as a daily consumption, were full by 91%, which is much higher than the city’s dams recorded in 2013 (64%).

Turkey has 579 water dams built for the purpose of generating electricity and for the purposes of water supply and irrigation, especially in agricultural and rural areas.

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