Books – Muhammad Shaker:
CT scans and 3D printing have revealed the secrets of the mummy of the golden boy stored in the basement of the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir for more than a century.
The results of these scientific studies were published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine today, which revealed the identity of this mummy, the state of its preservation and the secrets it contains.
This mummy was found completely wrapped in linen in 1916, inside a cemetery from the Ptolemaic era (about 300 BC) in the city of Edfu, Aswan Governorate, where it was moved and preserved, at that time, in the basement of the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir without examination for more than a century, until it was examined For the first time in 2015 by Dr. Sahar Selim, Professor of Radiology at the Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, in cooperation with Sabah Abdel Razeq, Director General of the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir, and Mahmoud El-Haloogy, former director of the museum, using CT scans, safely, through the device in the museum, using advanced radiology, modern computer programs, and 3D printing.
Dr. Sahar Selim explained that the mummy of a boy who died at the age of 15 was mummified with great perfection, and the brain was removed through the nostril and fillings and resin were placed inside the cranial cavity.
The entrails were also removed through a small incision in the lower abdomen, and fillings and resin were placed inside the body, while the embalmers were keen to keep the heart, which was seen in x-rays, inside the chest cavity.
Dr. added. Sahar Selim indicated that the x-rays showed what was inside the wraps, where the mummy wore a golden mask, a chest made of cardboard, and sandals made of fabric.-
The two- and three-dimensional CT scans showed that there were about 49 amulets arranged in an ornate arrangement in three columns between the folds of the linen rolls and inside the mummy’s cavity. The rays also showed 21 different shapes of amulets, such as the eye of the idol Horus, the scarab, the amulet of the horizon, the placenta, the knot of Isis, the two feathers, and others.--
And through the results of radiology measurements, it was found that 30 of the amulets discovered inside the mummy were made of gold, while the rest of the amulets were made of stones or faience, in addition to an amulet in the form of a tongue of gold placed inside the mouth of the deceased so that he could speak in the other world, and there is also an amulet in the form of Two fingers below the torso to protect the mummification opening, and another large gold scarab amulet inside the mummy’s chest cavity, which has been reproduced using 3D printing.
Selim confirmed that the study revealed the face of the mummy for the first time after removing the scrolls by default using CT scan technology, as the study provided a unique opportunity to discover the secrets of mummification without prejudice to the scrolls, as the ancient Egyptians left them.
Sabah Abdel Razek explained that the study shed light on social life in ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. The study gave a deep understanding of their beliefs and funeral rituals, and their technical prowess in mummification and craftsmanship in crafting amulets, making masks, and decorations.
The study also indicated the appreciation of the ancient Egyptians for children, as this mummy enjoyed distinguished funerary rituals that enabled it to resurrect and the other life according to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians, in addition to showing the high social status of the owner of the mummy, as he is a boy who enjoyed funeral rituals of high status, in addition to his good health condition as he was He has healthy teeth and bones, with no signs of disease or symptoms of malnutrition.
The use of modern technology and techniques in three-dimensional medical imaging helped provide a valuable view of the mummy, which supported the decision of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo to move the mummy from the basement of the museum for display in its exhibition halls, where it was dubbed “The Mummy of the Golden Boy”.
Displaying CT scans next to the mummy contributes to a distinctive museum display that gives museum visitors a unique experience that supports their communication with the ancient Egyptian civilization.