The American scientific site, “Science Alert”, revealed the developments of the new “NASA” nuclear missile plan, which aims to reach Mars in 45 days.
Al-Mofaa said in a report, to live in the era of renewed space exploration, as many agencies plan to send astronauts to the moon in the coming years, and this will be followed in the next decade by manned missions to Mars by NASA and China, who may be joined by other countries before long. .
The report pointed out that the missions that will take astronauts beyond Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and the Earth-Moon system require new technologies, ranging from life support and radiation protection to energy and propulsion, and when it comes to the latter, nuclear thermal and nuclear electric propulsion (NTP). / NEP) is the number one contender!
NASA and the Soviet space program spent decades researching nuclear propulsion during the space race.
A few years ago, NASA reignited its nuclear program with the goal of developing a bimodal nuclear propulsion system – a two-part system consisting of an NTP and an NEP element – that could enable a trip to Mars in 100 days.--
The report added, as part of NASA’s 2023 Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program, NASA selected a nuclear concept for first-stage development. This new class of dual-mode nuclear propulsion system uses a “rotating wave cycle topping” and could reduce transit times to Mars to 45 days. Just.-
One of 14 selected by NASA this year to develop the first phase, which includes a $12,500 grant to help ripen Technology and methods used. Other proposals have included sensors, tools, manufacturing technologies, innovative power systems, and more.
Nuclear propulsion essentially comes down to two concepts, both of which are based on rigorously tested and validated technologies.
For nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP), the cycle consists of a propellant heating liquid hydrogen (LH2) of a nuclear reactor, converting it into ionized hydrogen gas (plasma) which is then funneled through the nozzles to generate thrust.