Who is the first Ottoman Sultan?

Who is the first Ottoman Sultan?
Who is the first Ottoman Sultan?
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Who is the first Ottoman sultan? In the last period of the thirteenth century, a large series of small emirates appeared in the Anatolia region, and at that time it was located between the Byzantine and Mongol empires, where battles took place aimed at the Islamic conquest, which were ruled by princes, then the real establishment of the empire began. Ottoman Empire, through which we will mention who was the first Ottoman Sultan.

Who was the first Ottoman Sultan?

The first Ottoman Sultan is Othman bin ErtugrulAnd although his name was given to the Ottoman Empire, Ertugrul and his father formed the emirate around the region (Sogut), and thus Osman worked to fight to expand his kingdom. Against the Byzantine Empire, and he was able to defend the mighty, and thus he is considered the first founder of the Ottoman Empire, and Sultan Othman showed leadership qualities in his personality at an early age, and this helped him to empower the state and establish its pillars, after it was walking in the orbit of the rule of the Seljuk Sultan King Ala’ Religion, and Sultan Othman also had some powers in his emirate, and that remained until the Mongols invaded the Seljuk emirate and Alaeddin fled to the Byzantine Empire and his death there.

Birth of Othman bin Ertugrul

Osman I was given the name Osman Ghazi since his birth in 1258 AD, and he was the ruler of the Turkmen emirate located in northwestern Anatolia, and is considered the first founder of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, and his father established the empire for the first time. At that time, it was an emirate located in the (Sogut) region, where the Muslim warriors worked to establish battles under his leadership against the Byzantines, who also sought to protect their lands in the remote areas of the Asian coast facing Constantinople, which is (modern Istanbul), and thus Osman I was gradually able to control The many Byzantine fortresses that provided the Ottomans with a strong base from which to besiege Bursa and Nicaea in northwestern Anatolia.

Characteristics of the leadership of Othman bin Artgrel

When looking at the biography of Osman I, his personality as a great leader, as a unique political person, reveals a complex set of features that he possessed, the most important of which are the following:

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  • Courage This appeared among the Christian princes in Bursa in the year 700 AH. / 1301 A.D. Madanos, Adre Nos, Keita and the Byzantines called for the formation of Crusaders to fight Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. They responded to the empire, but Othman went out with his soldiers to wage wars himself, and indeed he was able to disperse the armies of the Crusaders and destroy them.
  • Devotion When the inhabitants of the lands close to the Ottoman Empire noticed his apparent devotion to the religion, they began to move to support him and stand with him to strengthen the foundations of the Islamic state so that it could withstand the power of an enemy state. for Islam and Muslims.
  • Patience, this trait appeared in his character when he began to conquer forts and cities, where he opened a fort (Kota) in 707 AH, in addition to the forts of Lefka, Ak Hisar, and Koch Hisar in 712 AH. More importantly, he was working on the culmination of these conquests when he discovered the city of (Prusa) during the year 717 AH, after a long and arduous siege that lasted for several years, and this was one of the most difficult. The conquests of Sultan Othman bin Artgrel.
  • Loyalty Sultan Osman I was known for his great interest in fulfilling his promises, because when the prince of the Byzantine castle (Ulubad) surrendered to the Ottoman army, he stipulated that no Ottoman Muslim cross the bridge and enter. The castle, and Sultan Osman I kept his promise, as did all the sultans who came after him.

Othman’s personal qualities

Othman bin Ertuğrul had strong and influential qualities, as his strong belief in God Almighty, in addition to his enthusiasm for spreading Islam in Europe, made him an attractive figure in front of the whole world, whether Muslims or infidels, and this power did not affect anyone in his justice or mercy, but if he promised, He acted according to it, and one of the greatest evidences of this is the execution of Sultan Othman for what the Byzantine prince Olubad stipulated when he announced his surrender. The Ottoman army, because not a single Muslim crossed the bridge to fulfill his wish.

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Who is the weakest Ottoman Sultan?

The weakest Ottoman sultan was Sultan Selim II, as he was known for his weakness compared to his father and all the Ottoman sultans who preceded him. He was also the first sultan who did not care about conducting military campaigns and battles against the conquest, as he was leaving state affairs under the control of his first minister (Muhammad al-Siqali). In addition to indicating that he drank a lot of alcohol until he fell completely drunk, which prompted Western historians to confirm that the cause of his death was due to these drinks, but Muslim historians worked to clarify that his death was the cause of death. As a result of his fall in the palace bathroom as a result of a cerebral hemorrhage, which led to his death.

Information about the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire has a long history of Islamic conquest and battles with other empires, so below we provide some information about it

  • The Ottoman Empire is an Islamic empire founded by Othman bin Ertugrul and has existed for about 600 years, specifically it began on July 27, 1299 AD, and ended on October 29, 1923 AD.
  • The Ottoman Empire reached the peak of its glory between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when its lands expanded to include vast areas of the three continents of the ancient world, namely Europe, Asia and Africa.
  • The number of Ottoman states reached 29, and the state had sovereignty in terms of name over a group of neighboring states and emirates on the European continent.
  • During the reign of Sultan Suleiman I, the Ottoman Empire became a great power at the political and military levels, such as its capital, Constantinople, as a kind of link between the eastern Islamic world and the Christian European world.
  • The fall of the Ottoman Empire from a political point of view occurred on November 1, 1922 AD, and it was removed as a state in law on July 24, 1923 AD, especially after its signing (Treaty of Lausanne) and its end. The demise came on October 29 of the same year, and it turned into the Republic of Turkey, which is currently considered the legitimate heir to the Ottoman Empire.

Thus, we conclude our article after getting to know who is the first Ottoman Sultan, mentioning the leadership qualities of Osman bin Artgrel, as well as the personal qualities of Osman the First, in addition to knowing who is the weakest Ottoman Sultan. Sultan and some information about the Ottoman Empire.

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