An unprecedented judicial collapse and the port explosion file into the unknown

An unprecedented judicial collapse and the port explosion file into the unknown
An unprecedented judicial collapse and the port explosion file into the unknown
The Lebanese judicial body entered a historically unprecedented state of collapse that exceeded confusion, chaos, and improvisation, after each of the Public Prosecutor, Judge Ghassan Oweidat, and the judicial investigator in the Beirut Port explosion case, Judge Tariq Al-Bitar, claimed one over the other, and considered any decision issued by this or that illegal, not Especially after Oweidat decided, in addition to the prosecution against Al-Bitar, to release all those arrested in the port file for two and a half years, and the first of them was the Director General of Customs, Badri Daher. Then, the Director General of Land and Maritime Transport at the Ministry of Works, Abdul Hafeez Al-Qaisi, was released. Then, the Director of the “Manifest” Department at the port, Nima Al-Barakis. In the evening, it was reported that all the detainees had left the Military Police station, except for the Syrian workers, awaiting the arrival of their families.

And Al-Nahar wrote: January 25, 2023 turned into a station in a series of black dates of disintegration, fragmentation, and collapse that Lebanon witnessed, so that it will prove to be the day that culminated in the resounding fall of the Lebanese judiciary in the face of the power of political immorality and its agendas on the one hand, and impotence, complicity, exclusivity, and disintegration on the other. In the hands of a judiciary and a judicial authority, it will be written that the investigation into the Beirut port explosion at dawn yesterday, and that the victims of the August 4, 2020 bombing fell again as martyrs, due to the suicide of the Lebanese judiciary. What happened yesterday in the frightening excessive response to the judicial investigator in the Beirut port explosion file, Judge Tariq Bitar, was nothing but the firing of mercy on the investigation into the afternoon explosion in the hands of the discriminatory Public Prosecutor, Judge Ghassan Aweidat. Oweidat waged a war against Bitar with no limits to his excesses, so he released all those arrested in the file of the port explosion, ended his withdrawal from the file, chased Bitar, claiming against him, preventing him from traveling, and demanding that he appear for investigation before him in what the judiciary had not previously witnessed in its history. And between waves of “bartering” with measures and countermeasures, any presence of the Supreme Judicial Council and its president disappeared yesterday, as before, as if the matter could afford the luxury of waiting until today.

The fact that the evacuation of all those arrested in the port file after the lightning attack launched without any controls by the Public Prosecutor, Ghassan Oweidat, against the judicial investigator, Tariq Bitar, brought back to mind the image of opening prisons and the mass exit of prisoners during the war eras, rather than as a systematic judicial measure studied on the rhythm of abstract justice. As the personal was mixed with the political in the procedures for responding to Bitar, and they were dominated by a blatant retaliation, which stripped them of all the strict, strict character that characterizes impartial and objective judicial procedures. Observers and experts went to the great fear that the Lebanese judiciary had painted for itself, through the recent developments, an image that could not be restored, after it seemed as if it had collapsed and “committed suicide” under the weight of the practices of improvisation, disintegration, improvisation, politicization, and even its fall into the suspicion of personalization and serving the enemies of reaching truth and justice in achieving the port explosion. So that signs of suspicion were drawn in front of the excessive extent that printed the Oweidat attack yesterday.

And “Nidaa Al-Watan” wrote: There is no more accurate description of what the judiciary has reached in Lebanon than the phrase “Harat Kul Min Edo Elo” after the judicial body was fragmented under the influence of a ruling mafia system that spread its political, financial, security and judicial wings on the ground of the state, so it planted the seeds of corruption in it and harvested it as saplings and pastures that graze. In which the rulers of public institutions prevail, with which the “law of the jungle” prevails.
In the context of completing his counterattack against the judicial investigator, which he began on Tuesday by circulating to the security services not to implement the new summonses and releases that Al-Bitar wrote after resuming his duties, Oweidat decided yesterday to release all those arrested pending judicial investigation into the Beirut Port explosion crime, and claimed in return that The judicial investigator before the General Authority of the Court of Cassation, and instructed the Director General of Public Security to place a travel ban sign against him, bypassing his powers and the principles of litigation with the testimony of the former Public Prosecutor of Cassation, Judge Hatem Madi, who asserted that the steps and procedures of returns are illegal and that the Public Prosecutor of Cassation is not entitled to take, stressing that he does not have The right to release those arrested in the port explosion case, as it is a right attached exclusively to the person of the judicial investigator, just as he does not have the authority to issue a signal banning him from travelling. Placing first-class employees among them at the disposal of the Prime Minister as of today, and placing non-first-class employees at the disposal of the relevant ministers, by After information was circulated about the intention of the released Director General of Customs, Badri Daher, to go to his workplace in the port to resume his duties at the head of the General Directorate of Customs.
“Nidaa Al-Watan” learned that a coordination meeting was held yesterday between the parliamentary components of the opposition forces, and it was decided in light of it to accompany the movement of the families of the victims today in front of the Palace of Justice, provided that a number of opposition representatives meet with the President of the Supreme Judicial Council, Judge Suhail Abboud, for this purpose, while the Ministry of Foreign Affairs renewed And while awaiting the outcome of the Judicial Council meeting this afternoon, especially after Oweidat performed the task of releasing those arrested in the port explosion crime, which was intended to be entrusted to a judicial investigator, Redif, he confirmed The authentic judicial investigator intends to proceed with his duties and investigations in the port explosion file, and Judge Al-Bitar told “Nidaa Al-Watan”: “I am the master of the file and a complement to the other,” stressing that he would not comply with the summons of the Public Prosecutor to discriminate against him, and added: “I knew from the beginning that it was It is not an easy battle, but in the name of justice I will continue my mission.”
“The Major General” wrote: In the manner of the behavior of the heroes in “Arab dramas” or “super men” in American Hollywood films, or coups, despite their diversity in the Third World, Lebanon witnessed what resembled a coup regarding the issue of the Beirut port explosion, whether with regard to With the judicial investigator or the personalities who were arrested pending investigation, or the allegations from the right and the left, which affected the Public Prosecutor of Cassation, Judge Ghassan Oweidat, who yesterday was the star of the decisions in all directions:
1- The palm of Judge Bitar’s hand, and the prosecution against him before the General Assembly of the Court of Cassation.
2- Preventing him from traveling by letter to the General Directorate of Public Security.
3- Release all those arrested pending investigations into the port explosion.
At night, the families of the victims, after a meeting in their association center, went to the house of the Public Prosecutor of Discrimination, Oweidat, to protest against the release decisions.
Regardless of the legality of what is happening, in terms of the legal clash between the judicial investigator and the Public Prosecution Office of the Court of Cassation, it is evident that the situation has taken on new dimensions, as the government presidency has requested that the general directors, including the Director General of Customs Badri Daher, be placed at the disposal of the prime minister, as for employees of a lower category, at the disposal of the concerned minister. Whether it is the Minister of Finance or the Minister of Works.
High-level judicial sources told Al-Liwaa: The meeting of the Judicial Council is ongoing, and it is a periodic weekly meeting, and before it is an agenda of several items, including Judge Bitar’s decisions and the developments that followed. All these developments.
And the sources confirmed that the judiciary is the last remaining pillar in the state institutions, and it is the aspired hope for citizens, so is it permissible to allow it to collapse.?

And Al-Binaa wrote: The judicial war and settling of accounts erupted between the discriminatory public prosecutor, Judge Ghassan Oweidat, and the judicial investigator whose hand was blinded in the Beirut Port explosion case, Judge Tariq Al-Bitar. And political, and the release of another group of detainees, Oweidat responded with a campaign of counter-steps that targeted Bitar and blew up all his previous and current decisions, as Oweidat claimed Al-Bitar before the General Authority of the Court of Cassation and decided to prevent him from traveling and decided to release all those arrested in the port case, including the Director General of Customs Badri Daher.
And in a leaked media account of what happened, “Al-Bitar did not receive the judicial officer who came to hand over the case against him, refusing to receive it, as the officer told him, “President Oweidat wants to see you.” Al-Bitar replied, “I am the one who wants to see you, and I am the defendant and they set up a hearing.” A few days later,” the judicial officer left Al-Bitar’s house. On the other hand, Judge Oweidat summoned Al-Bitar this morning to appear before him.
Al-Binaa learned from informed sources that Judge Bitar, after completing his investigations, will submit his presumptive report to the Judicial Council with all the data, and will step down from the file so that the Judicial Council takes control of matters and completes the judicial course of the case. home or in prison.


And Al-Akhbar wrote: Monitoring of the repercussions of what happened prevails, and attention is directed to the Supreme Judicial Council, whose president, Judge Suhail Abboud, called it to convene today to discuss Al-Bitar’s steps, in response to the request of Minister of Justice Henry Al-Khoury. This is the first session in months.
Sources told Al-Akhbar that “all members of the council will attend,” and that meetings took place at night in which the decision to be taken against Al-Bitar was discussed, including his removal and the appointment of a replacement, indicating that Al-Bitar today is a defendant from the only authority that has the power to prosecute. It is assumed that a judge will be appointed to investigate him for the crime of “usurpation of power”, and in the event that he refuses to appear, measures will be taken that may amount to issuing an arrest warrant against him.
While jurists said that the government does not have the right to appoint or dismiss any official employee, one of the solutions is based on a previous letter by Minister Khoury requesting the appointment of a substitute judge for the current judge. This means that if the Judicial Council decides to appoint a substitute judge, it must consider Al-Bitar as a violator of the law, and therefore he will be referred to the judicial inspection, which requests the Minister of Justice to appoint a replacement for him. Otherwise, the farrier, in the event that he is not referred to the inspection, can act on the basis that he is the original judge, and then there will be either difficulty in front of the work of the substitute judge or the freezing of the entire file. Note that the judicial team loyal to Judge Oweidat, along with political forces, tend to decide to oust Al-Bitar permanently, transfer the file to a new judge, and try to protect the investigation and prevent attempts to internationalize it.

Youssef Diab wrote in “Al-Sharq Al-Awsat”: The Supreme Judicial Council is scheduled to hold a meeting today, chaired by Judge Suhail Abboud, to discuss the general situation of the judiciary, and the dispute sparked by Al-Bitar’s return to the investigation. Asharq Al-Awsat”, that Al-Bitar’s dismissal be on the council’s agenda. The discriminatory public prosecutor did not rule out that “Al-Bitar will commit many legal violations in the coming days, including issuing an arrest warrant in absentia against him (Aweidat) and against his fellow judges.” He pointed out that “the appointment of a judicial investigator back in the past has become a thing of the past, and the Judicial Council will discuss the content of the book of the Minister of Justice, in which he asked to consider the legality of the measures taken by Al-Bitar in the past hours.”

Judge Al-Bitar confirmed to Al-Sharq Al-Awsat that the Public Prosecutor, Judge Ghassan Oweidat, has recused himself from the file, and “he has no authority to sue against him, nor does he have the authority to release the detainees, because this matter belongs to the judicial investigator alone,” calling for “not Executing the decisions of the Public Prosecutor.
He also indicated that he is “continuing with his procedures and holding investigation sessions to interrogate the defendants on the specified dates.”



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