“Clinical death”… Iran is looking for a “remontada” to revive the nuclear deal

“Clinical death”… Iran is looking for a “remontada” to revive the nuclear deal
“Clinical death”… Iran is looking for a “remontada” to revive the nuclear deal
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Updated Wed 1/25/2023 10:02 PM Abu Dhabi time

A state of stalemate or “clinical death”, words that revealed the status of the Iranian nuclear agreement nearly two years after a “failed” attempt to return to it, after the US withdrawal from it in 2018.

On the road to the nuclear bomb, Iran has accumulated enough materials to make “several nuclear weapons”, but it does not yet have one, while reviving the 2015 agreement has become “almost impossible”.

Negotiations that began in April 2021 in Vienna are now stalled, while Iran has accumulated enough material to build “several nuclear weapons,”

Amid an American refusal to revive the 2015 agreement, which Washington considers “dead”, the negotiations that began in April 2021 in Vienna are now stalled, despite Iran’s strenuous attempts to push it forward, hoping to lift the US sanctions that “encircle” its economy.

What is new in the nuclear agreement?

Iran is preparing to receive the head of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency, on a visit to the capital, Tehran, next month for “much-needed” talks to get Tehran to resume cooperation on its nuclear activities.

“I may return to Tehran … in February, perhaps, for a much-needed or re-launched political dialogue with Iran,” Rafael Grossi said in statements to European parliamentarians.

The trip comes as the train of negotiations underway, mediated by the European Union, with the aim of reviving the 2015 agreement that was reached to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions, falters.

That stumbling, Grossi referred to by saying that there is a “great, very large stalemate” in those negotiations, noting that Iran’s retraction from the agreement, including its separation of 27 IAEA cameras monitoring its declared nuclear sites, means that the IAEA is no longer Actively monitors Tehran’s nuclear program.

nuclear weapons

The UN official said that the agency was no longer able to monitor what was going on “at least a year ago,” expressing his hope that “some progress” would be made in restoring Iranian cooperation with his agency during his visit.

Speaking about Iran’s recent nuclear activities, including enriching uranium to a level higher than specified by the JCPOA, Grossi said, “This path is definitely not a good one,” noting that in addition, it has not provided the International Atomic Energy Agency with the information it requested on radioactive effects. found at sites not declared nuclear, Iran’s growing stockpile of enriched uranium is of concern.

He added: “They have collected enough nuclear material to make a number of nuclear weapons – not a single weapon at this stage,” noting that Iran today has 70 kilograms of enriched uranium with a purity of 60% and 1000 kilograms with a purity of 20%.

While Iran needs to reach a degree of purity of about 90% to manufacture a nuclear weapon, Grossi said that the Iranians’ possession of large stocks of enriched uranium “does not mean that they have a nuclear weapon,” as making an atomic bomb requires design and testing. Which means, “We should feel good.”

Since former US President Donald Trump withdrew in 2018 from the nuclear deal, reimposing all sanctions lifted by the US, Iran has abandoned key restrictions in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, resuming uranium enrichment to 20% purity and then enriching it to 60%.

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Iranian failure

Grossi noted that in addition to Iran’s failure to explain to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) about radioactive traces in places not declared as nuclear sites, Iran’s growing stockpile of enriched uranium is also a matter of concern.

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The agency says the sites were never declared as part of the nuclear program, and Iran has provided no explanation as to why the material was discovered at the sites. The status of these three places was one of the issues that became one of the serious obstacles in the negotiations to revive the nuclear deal.

In the Vienna negotiations, Iran demanded that this issue be closed in the agency, but the western parties said that this issue is not directly related to the JCPOA and should be resolved by the agency’s experts.

The three places that the agency says are contaminated with uranium and Iran did not give a “satisfactory answer” are located in the city of Varamin and Turkozabad on the outskirts of Tehran, and one in the city of Marivan in the province of Kurdistan in western Iran.

In response to the director general’s report, the agency’s board of governors last week passed a resolution requiring Iran to provide “convincing” answers to the agency’s questions about these locations.

However, Iran responded, saying that “the places mentioned in the Director General’s report are based on allegations made by a malicious third party – the Israeli regime – that has no legal basis.”

In a related context, the head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Agency, Mohammad Eslami, said, on Wednesday, that “the accusations against Iran are a big lie,” adding: “According to their official documents, there is no deviation in our nuclear program, and our dealings with the agency continue, and we continue to organize the visit of its director to Tehran.”

Iranian allegations

Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian claimed that “the Americans insist on returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,” adding that “the exchange of messages with American and European officials regarding the revival of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action continues.”

The Iranian diplomat explained, “The Americans, who realized much earlier than the three European countries that there is no news behind the unrest in Iran and that nothing will happen, sent a message earlier and confirmed that they insist on returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.”

Statements that America responded to, by a spokesman for its Secretary of State, Ned Price, saying that “reviving the nuclear agreement is not on the agenda of the Biden administration.”

“We have not eased any of our sanctions on Iran, especially in the area of ​​selling Iranian oil,” Price said, in previous statements, noting that “the JCPOA is not on the agenda due to the fact that the Iranians have repeatedly moved away from bilateral rejoining the JCPOA.” “.

In turn, the US Special Envoy to Iran, Robert Malley, said in statements to “Bloomberg” agency: “We still believe in diplomacy, but since Iran turned its back on the nuclear agreement last September, our focus has been on confronting the regime’s killing of its citizens and confronting its assistance to Russia in killing a people.” Ukraine”.

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