Disagreements threaten the collapse of the coalition to form the Iraqi government


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Elaf from London: The Presidency of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq warned, on Thursday, of the collapse of the tripartite state administration alliance that formed the current government headed by Al-Sudani, following the strong rejection of his Kurdish corner of the Federal Court’s decision to stop sending Baghdad the salaries of the region’s employees.

Al-Sudani meeting in Baghdad on January 22, 2023 with the President of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani (his office)

The President of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani, described the decision of the Iraqi Federal Court yesterday as illegal for the Iraqi government to send the salaries of the region’s employees unfairly, noting that it targets the political process and the political agreement upon which the new Iraqi government was formed, referring to the coalition of state forces that includes the major Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish political forces. The representative in Parliament, who gave confidence to the current government headed by Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani on October 27, 2022.

Targeting the government formation agreement
Barzani said in a statement on the region’s presidency website, followed by “Elaph” today, “The decision of the Iraqi Federal Supreme Court that the payment of financial dues and salaries of employees of the Kurdistan Region by the Iraqi federal government in the years 2021 and 2022 is unfair is an unfair decision that does not only target wage earners and the people of the region who are citizens.” Rather, it targets the entire process, political stability, and the agreement under which the new Iraqi federal government was formed.
He called on the court not to turn into a means to sabotage the opportunity and the positive atmosphere that was created to solve the country’s problems, especially the problems between Erbil and Baghdad, and not to endanger the political stability in Iraq.
I consider the court’s decision at this time to raise doubts and raise dozens of great question marks. It also raises the issue of urgency in issuing a new law to reconfigure the court as an important and main part of the agreement concluded between the political parties to form the new Iraqi federal government.

Stop transferring Baghdad employees’ salaries to the region
It is noteworthy that the Federal Supreme Court in Iraq issued yesterday, Wednesday, a ruling stipulating the cancellation of all decisions regarding the transfer of funds by the government in Baghdad to the Kurdistan region, considering this procedure to be contrary to the law based on a lawsuit filed by the representative of the coordination framework for the Shiite forces, Mustafa Jabbar Sanad, confirming that its decision is final It is binding on all authorities.
Sanad said in a video statement from the Federal Court building in central Baghdad, which Elaph listened to: “The court recently issued a decision to stop the transfer of funds to the Kurdistan region to finance the monthly salaries of employees and workers in the public sector there, with the cancellation of all decisions related to transferring funds in violation of the law and contrary to the constitution.” According to him.

The previous government had decided to send batches of the region’s employees’ salaries amounting to 200 billion dinars (about 135 million dollars) in each batch, provided that it would be deducted later from the region’s oil imports, of which a quarter of a million barrels per day is delivered to the Iraqi Ministry of Oil for marketing abroad, but this agreement was not implemented. After the region did not deliver these quantities of oil, which the court considered a legal violation committed by the government.


The Supreme Court and Saddam’s courts
As for the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Masoud Barzani, he described the decision of the Federal Court as unfair against the Kurdistan region.
Barzani said in a statement, followed by “Elaph”, that “from here, the intent is not the amount of money, but rather that the main problem is the violation of rights and principles. Everyone knows that our participation in the State Administration coalition and the formation of the new Iraqi government was based on a clear and detailed program agreed upon by all parties.”
And he stressed that “securing some financial rights for the Kurdistan region is a legitimate right and was part of this program, and it was agreed upon. Therefore, the Federal Court’s decision before it was against the Kurdistan region, as it contradicts the political process, against the Iraqi government, and against the program of the State Administration Alliance itself.”
He accused the Federal Court of having become a cause of complicating disputes, “and it appears that it is implementing a suspicious agenda and is replacing the Revolutionary Court in the previous regime.”


The position of the regional government
The regional government considered that the court’s decision renews its hostility to the rights of the citizens of the Kurdistan region and their constitutional financial entitlements, which represents confirmation of the continuation of its unfair and hostile policy towards the region.
The government headed by Masrour Barzani described the court’s decision as a flagrant and clear violation of the Iraqi constitution, contradicts the agreement of the state administration forces that formed the new government, and contradicts the ministerial curriculum approved by Parliament, whose paragraphs spoke clearly about (avoiding any escalatory measures with the region).
Erbil considered that the court’s decision was directed not only against the Kurdistan region, but also against the new Iraqi government and the parties that formed it, which called on it to take a clear and frank stance towards the decisions and hostile behavior pursued by the Federal Court.

Divergent positions on the court’s decision
For its part, the Sovereignty Coalition was considered one of the pillars of the tripartite Shiite-Sunni-Kurdish coalition that formed the current government, and the court’s decision contradicts the political understandings of the coalition parties.

The tweet of the head of the Sunni Sovereignty Coalition, Khamis Al-Khanjar, one of the pillars of the State Coalition that formed the government, rejecting the decision of the Federal Court (Twitter)

The head of the Sovereignty Coalition, Khamis Al-Khanjar, objected to the decision of the Federal Supreme Court, saying in a tweet on Twitter, followed by “Elaph”, that “the national forces have made great efforts to achieve a reasonable level of stability in the country, and no institution in Iraq can threaten this stability again.” .
He stressed, “Kurdistan is our people, and their livelihoods and wealth cannot be compromised in a way that contradicts the political understandings on which the current government was founded.”
On the contrary, the Secretary-General of Asaib Ahl al-Haq, Qais al-Khazali, considered the Federal Court’s decision to be correct.
Al-Khazali said in a tweet on Twitter, which was followed by “Elaph”, that “the judiciary is the pillar of the Iraqi state, and we call for the necessity of respecting and adhering to its decisions, and we reject any transgression of its decisions and institutions.” Noting that “the only way to stabilize the political process and preserve rights is to adhere to the ceiling of the constitution.” .
He said, “We must avoid spasms and haste in making decisions, and complete dialogues and discussions to reach results that guarantee the rights of all within the framework of the constitution.”

It is noteworthy that there are several thorny files that impede final agreements between Baghdad and Erbil related to the country’s general budget, the quantities of oil that the region must deliver to the federal government, and the oil and gas law for the region, which the Federal Court requests to be issued, in addition to the normalization of conditions in mixed areas and the referendum on the fate of Kirkuk governorate, which is inhabited by Turkmen and Kurds. Arabs.



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