Al Markaziya – Today, a workshop was held at the invitation of the Ministry of Environment and the German “Hans Seidel” Foundation at the Radisson Blu Hotel in Verdun under the title “Any climate disasters after the Sharm el-Sheikh summit?”. The Minister of Environment, Nasser Yassin, and the coordinator of the workshop, environmental journalist Habib Maalouf and an actor, spoke at its opening session. Hans Seidel Antoine Gharib Foundation, with the participation of a delegation from ESCWA, including water resources and climate change official Tarek Sadek, climate change policy researcher Aya Ibrahim, head of the Green Party Fadi Abi Allam, and a number of environmental specialists, experts, mayors, and those interested in environmental affairs.
In the beginning, it was Maalouf’s word, who said, “When winter is delayed until December, and the average temperature in January becomes between 12 and 20 degrees, this means that the climate has really changed. According to the latest international reports, the earth’s temperatures have risen by 1.25 degrees since the industrial revolution and the world has moved on.” From climate change to climatic disasters.Despite this, the 27th Sharm el-Sheikh climate summit, which was held at the end of last year, did not produce impressive results to avoid climate disasters and stop the rise in global temperatures by more than one and a half degrees before the end of this century. Russian-Ukrainian semi-global, of course, as the latter only increased the steepness of the decline.” And he considered, “The downward path of the global climate is sequential and accumulated since the industrial revolution that took place in the West. It is the standard stage to which all relevant international agreements refer to measuring the level of emissions required to restore health Planet”.
Maalouf added, “The problem, then, is in the civilized model that was produced by that industrial revolution, which succeeded in becoming global and globalized…but it produced a global and existential problem as well, as developing countries did not succeed in adopting a different civilized model that is more reconciled with nature.”
Then Gharib spoke, explaining the goals of the institution and its path, pointing out that “Germany, as an industrial country, is interested in adhering to the global standard for greenhouse gas emissions that threaten humanity, especially since the Sharm el-Sheikh climate summit failed to find solutions to the catastrophic climate change.”
As for Minister Yassin, he mentioned, “How the Ministry of Environment anticipated the issue of fires and thought about prevention early.” He said, “Before the climate summit, we must focus on the issue of adaptation. There are three main axes to be part of the discussions today and in the coming weeks, as we are on our way to the climate conference in Dubai in the fall. These are: The axes are: adaptation, financing and creating public opinion.
He said, “First, in the matter of adaptation, we must develop our work in 7 directions:
1- Deepening the linkage between water, energy and food, and the need to protect environmental systems. I added that developing a plan for wheat will not be sufficient if the ecosystem associated with agricultural production continues to deteriorate and pollution continues in the Litani River.-
2- Management of forests, reserves and biodiversity, and what management includes in terms of multiple aspects of human teams and systems, and we avoided disasters last year in terms of forest fires as a result of great effort on the ground with civil groups, environmental associations and civil defense, and it is surprising that there is no management of forests in Lebanon with regard to natural reserves It has committees and management, and we have to protect our forests and plant more to absorb carbon. This is the basis of current cooperation and work with the World Bank.--
3- Preparing the infrastructure for climate change and extreme weather conditions, which are dilapidated, especially in the coastal cities, where the population density is concentrated in Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon, Tyre, then Jounieh, Jubail, and others. It is remarkable that no serious investment has been made in infrastructure since 1998, and what we saw in Jounieh recently is a good example of what we can see in the coming years. With whoever wants
4- Building the readiness of the health system in all its departments for the repercussions of climate change, starting from prevention and primary health until treatment, and we have learned from the experience of “Corona” in terms of prevention and primary care.
5- Stopping the land degradation that has been taking place for decades, for example, soil companies that are as old as Lebanon, and moving to sustainable land management, starting from above, from protecting mountain peaks to river mouths. In this area, we face enormous networks of interests with those who want to build a villa or palace on top of the mountain after Unjustly appropriating mountain heads.
6- Building our capabilities and readiness for environmental disasters, which will increase in pace and strength in the coming years. We have a Disaster Management Authority in the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, in which the ministries are represented. This is excellent work, but we have to work more. Here we started a dialogue with the army to enhance these capabilities, because the role of the army is essential.
7- Building national institutions for monitoring, follow-up and publication, especially in cooperation between ministries, environmental associations, universities and the environmental movement.
Secondly – on the issue of financing, we are more ready to benefit from climate financing and the opportunities of the Green Climate Fund, but we are still at the beginning of the road. We have set priorities for the coming years related to the seven points related to river basins, and we have said that any project to improve the environmental reality must focus on water basins and managing them in a better way.
Third – In the matter of creating public opinion, there are some positive things in terms of increasing people’s information about climate change, but we lack a lot. Yesterday, we added the subject of green education, and its basis is the development of curricula to include climate change issues, and this is a good step in a long path.”
After that, sessions were held to deal with the real outcome of the Sharm El-Sheikh Summit, the emissions gap and the climate economy after disasters, provided that the workshop will conclude tomorrow, Thursday, with the announcement of the recommendations.