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homeland- The Egyptian scientist, NASA, Dr. Essam Hajji, recently published his research paper with the world’s leading scientific research journal, Nature, titled: “The fragility of the Qatari peninsula in front of oil spills and their repercussions on global gas supplies.”
Egyptian researcher Essam Hajji surprises the Qataris
The Egyptian researcher, Essam Hajji, published his research with the American magazine Nature on January 12, to top the list of the most circulated researches in his specialty.
He celebrated this research paper, which he confirmed is a qualitative contribution to scientific issues in the Arab region.
And he wrote through his official account on Twitter, saying: “As an expatriate researcher, I have been keen for 20 years to devote part of my time to contributing to scientific issues for our Arab world, which some saw as not as important as their counterparts in the West.”
And he continued, according to what (Watan) monitored: “Today, our research published in the prestigious Nature magazine about the coasts of Qatar tops the list of the most circulated researches, days after its publication.”
The Egyptian researcher Issam Hajji enjoys wide popularity in the Arab region, first because of his prestigious scientific position in the American agency NASA, and secondly because of his firm and principled positions always biased towards the freedom of the Arab peoples and their democratic aspirations.
The importance of Issam Hajji’s research on the coasts of Qatar
Entitled: “The Vulnerability of the Qatari Peninsula to Oil Spills and Their Repercussions on Global Gas Supplies,” Essam Hajji issued his research, which in its introduction said: “More than 20% of global LNG exports and almost all of Qatar’s drinking water production comes from three industrial sites on east coast of Qatar.
In a summary of his research published on the official website of the American magazine, he indicated that “all (20% of Qatari gas exports) are exposed to oil leaks, and this loophole is still largely unstudied.”
Regarding the research addition provided by his research, Hajji says: “Here we are modeling the spread of the oil spill in the shallow marine waters surrounding Qatar to determine the marine areas and times of the year that pose the greatest threat to the export of LNG and seawater desalination facilities in the country.”-
Regarding the area that the Egyptian researcher believes represents the exact problem facing the coasts of Qatar, Hajji adds: “By combining oil transportation simulation and maritime traffic data, we identify two high-risk areas, with an area of about 15% of the exclusive marine economic zone of the State of Qatar.” .
The Egyptian researcher continues to emphasize the relevance and importance of his research by saying: “The LNG station in Ras Laffan is the most vulnerable to oil spills throughout the year.”
“And its desalination plant, which produces 30% of the national water supply, also has a seasonal weakness that peaks at an alarming level twice a year during the spring and fall.”
On the potential risks to the Qatari economy, especially with regard to the country’s natural resources of gas and water, Hajji indicated that “liquefied natural gas export and water desalination facilities could be affected by oil leaks that occur outside the maritime borders of the State of Qatar in less than three days.”
Issam Hajji presents the available solutions
Similar to the dangers facing the Qatari gas sector, the Egyptian researcher also discussed a number of solutions that, in his opinion, would remove this danger from the Qatari coasts.
“We propose that high-risk offshore areas be closely monitored using airborne and synthetic aperture radar, which provides early warning of oil spills that could severely disrupt Qatar’s LNG exports, exacerbating the global gas crisis,” he said.
What is synthetic aperture radar?
Synthetic aperture radar, according to NASA, makes it possible to analyze changes in a specific location with remarkable accuracy thanks to its systems that collect data from the phase of the waves it uses, in ways that exceed the capabilities of optical systems that use ambient light.
Even the “correlative change sensing” feature provided by the radar can show the instantaneous differences in the monitored area.
Not to mention its high ability to see the ground even when the weather conditions are bad – be it day or night – as it makes it possible to track moving objects such as oil tankers or cargo ships.