It is necessary, while we are in the shadows of rational dealing with the current (global and local) economic crisis, that we be highly aware of the Egyptian national project and its path until the present moment. The project was born with the June 2013 revolution and as a response to what the January 2011 revolution led to, not only the dominance of the Muslim Brotherhood over the political power in the country, but more than that, the country was exposed to severe economic, social and security dangers. The harvest of the revolution was a confused economic scene, turbulent tourism, stagnant investments, and a high crime rate, in parallel with a prevailing state of lawlessness, whether with strikes, protests, sit-ins, blocking roads, and disrupting production of all kinds. The reports of the Institute of National Planning indicated that the material losses incurred by Egypt, since the start of the revolution on January 25, 2011 until President Mubarak relinquished his post on February 11, amounted to six billion dollars, and the estimates of economic studies centers found that the losses amounted to between 66 and 110. Billions of dollars in one year, and losses in the tourism and aviation sector alone amounted to three billion dollars in nine months. More than that, 4,500 factories were closed, which led to an increase in the unemployed by 225,000 people. The decline in exports continued during 2012, and according to figures from the Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade, the strikes that swept the labor market negatively affected exports at a value of 30 billion pounds. The volume of production had declined in an unprecedented way in 2011-2012, reaching 240 billion pounds, a decrease of 40% from the previous year for many reasons, the most important of which was the lack of security stability and the large number of sit-ins and factional demands, in addition to the many challenges faced by the industry that had a significant impact on the rise in production. The cost of production, which led to a decrease in the competitiveness of the Egyptian industry, the most important of which is the energy crises and the financing problem. What added to the state of pessimism at the time was that the domestic debt amounted to $193 billion and the external debt $33.8 billion without any development return. The revolution was an expression of a chronic winter that never reached spring.
The moment was incendiary according to all standards, and at that time the common alternatives ranged between the Syrian and Yemeni scenes, and the terrorist scene that inherited the ideology from the Brotherhood, and the weapons inherited from the internal and regional arenas; And the scene of returning to the past, where the desire for reform and the inability to walk in it; or walk in the stirrups of conservative forces; Or the pursuit of a comprehensive national reform project. The National Front, which gathered on the third of July 2013, chose this endeavor, and the beginning was with the transitional period of President Adly Mansour, which ensured not only the peaceful transfer of power, but more than that the management of aid and assistance that Egypt obtained, in addition to what the previous regime left of reserves. It was formed during the Gulf War, and the vital role of the Egyptian armed forces and police in achieving stability and beginning to explore the development process through a new constitution. With the election of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi in June 2014, the process of crystallizing the Egyptian national project began, the key to which was what came during the presidential election campaign, the key to which was work and more work, and the promise of the elected president was that he would not make Egyptians sleep at night! The insistence on work and hard work was the insistence on an answer to the question: What do we want for Egypt: an advanced state or a state that remains backward, and by virtue of the mechanisms of underdevelopment it becomes more backward, and a great state or a state according to its condition, which compensates its need with loud voices with great antiquity and history and readiness to liberate Palestine Achieving Arab unity, which is not overpowered by the oppressor and has an eternal message?
The scene of the first national project was the digging of the new Suez Canal, which first provided an example of uninterrupted work for three periods throughout the hours of the day; And an example of the Egyptian people’s willingness to participate in work and funds, which exceeded 64 billion pounds, which were collected in one week. Secondly, it presented to the world and to brotherly countries an Egyptian readiness to build a country of a different quality than the one that prevailed in recent decades. Documentally, this was translated into a 2014 constitution document that could be developed according to Article 248, and a vision for Egypt and what it will be like in 2030. And starting from the fiscal year 2014-2015 until the current fiscal year 2022-2023, in no other year did Egypt grow positively, and the GDP reached double what it was during the starting point. And this happened despite the courageous confrontation of three major crises: terrorism, the Corona pandemic, and the Ukrainian crisis.
The philosophy on which the Egyptian national project was based came from the fact that during the last two decades, two billion people, most of them from China and India, succeeded in crossing from poverty to concealment, and from hardship to ease, and this was done through a process of construction with severe pain. And if this is possible in Asia and in other regions of the world, it is possible for it to happen in Egypt. And from global experience to local experience, which came from many studies placed in the drawers of political and bureaucratic power, the Egyptian national project was launched through engines based on changing the Egyptian developmental geography from the river to the sea, penetrating the Egyptian territory from Sinai to the Western Desert, managing the great Egyptian wealth and not Poverty management and development for export in the sources of the real economy in agriculture, industry and services. And all this is done through a national state in which citizens live with equal rights, an authentic renewal of the religious dawn, and a real development in civil thought, while building an educational and scientific base that raises the capabilities of Egyptian development to new horizons that it has not known before.---
If this happened, then why is Egypt now in crisis? The answer to this question has more than one aspect: the first is that the time period for the national project to reach its goal has not yet ended, so our date is the year 2030, when we will finish three million new feddans, And the completion of the work of 17 industrial zones, service and logistical zones in the perfection of the Egyptian arena, and the sons of the scientific base graduate, and the second is that the crises referred to above were not without a price, and the effects of some of them are visible in the countries of the world from the United States to China, and the third is that work with such ambition and scope afflicted him Mistakes of a monetary, financial and economic nature in general, followed the traditions that Egypt has known during the past decades, and took us to the same critical situation, which requires a review of policies and institutions not only so that what happened does not happen again, but rather takes us to the next stage with more health and wellness capabilities. Frankly, the foundation of the economic structure in Egypt is strong, and there is sufficient courage to correct the course, and another historical failure must not occur in this generation, as happened during two centuries of modernization!
Quoted from Al-Masry Al-Youm
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