A report on machines from the Omani heritage

A report on machines from the Omani heritage
A report on machines from the Omani heritage
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A report on machines from the Omani heritage, the Sultanate of Oman is considered one of the most Arab countries in which many civilizations and ancient heritage exist, in addition to archaeological places since ancient times, so we will talk in our article about a report on machines from the Omani heritage in addition to the importance of cultural heritage places in the Sultanate of Oman.

What is the concept of Omani heritage?

The Sultanate of Oman succeeded in isolating the ancient cultural and historical heritage rich in continuous and inherited culture, which indicates the extent of the Omani man’s connection to the environment and society, and this issue is evident through Omani clothing and traditional art, customs and traditions that are rooted in the spirit of every Omani, as well as historical events and events such as the race Camel, horse racing, bullfighting and more.

The heritage of Oman is also evident in its archaeological sites, castles and forts, as well as the heritage city walls that rise throughout the Sultanate, which are considered a historical heritage that the entire Sultanate is proud of, with the necessary amenities. Omani culture is a fertile land full of customs, traditions, and folk arts, including but not limited to the art of Rajj, Al-Midan, and Al-Izzi, which is evident in weddings and religious and national holidays. . It should be noted that Muscat was chosen as the capital of Islamic heritage and culture in 2006 AD, and Nizwa in 2015 AD.

Writing a report on machines from the Omani heritage

It appeared along with the Omani musical heritage with the beginning of social activities in the land of Oman, and Omani traditional music is an important part of the traditional Omani arts, which include dances supported by musical instruments, sign language, or more signed instruments. It is tuned, as percussion plays an important role in the creation of Omani musical art. The well-known musical instruments in the Omani musical heritage are divided into three main types: percussion instruments, string instruments, and wind instruments, and they include the following[[[[ ][[[[

Stringed instruments

Stringed instruments are instruments that are often used in the Sultanate of Oman and include the following

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  • Stringed instruments, the oud, are usually found in lyrical forms such as “Al-Manshar” of Levantine and Arabic hymns. We also find it sometimes in arts such as “Al-Bara’” in the Dhofar Governorate.
  • The Qaboos instrument is the oud of the Arabian Peninsula. The oud instrument is known by the names of Al-Mizhar, Al-Bart and other names.
  • The rebab contains one string and is called the “Rababat of the Poet”.
  • The violin and the tenbra instrument have 6 strings, so the tenbra player cannot give more than five notes, and the sixth string is the solution to the fifth string, so its strings are pointed with a piece of bull’s horn. The player controls this instrument by muting and releasing the strings with the palm of his hand.

Pneumatic machines

The wind instruments in Omani music include 6 instruments, including the bergham, the jim, and the ney (sarnai). It consists of a double plectrum and a tube made of wood and metal. It has 6 identical circular holes and is often used in the southern and southern governorates. North Al Batinah, South Al Sharqiyah and Muscat. Among the most important forms in which the flute is used is the art of Chobani and the Lif, and here it represents the only melodic instrument along with a whole group of rhythms. Among the pneumatic simulators, the following can be distinguished

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  • The groups are called in the local dialect (Bou Makron). There are several types of ribbons in Oman, one type with five holes commonly used, and another type with six or seven circular holes, each with a vane.
  • The reed instrument (from the Ni family) is the main melodic instrument in the traditional arts in the Dhofar Governorate, and its most important use is in the art of explanation and bara. It has a special sound known as the “sound of reeds,” which is the first. Part of the interpretations of Art.
  • Al-Habban instrument, which is made of leather, and the other part consists of two tubes of reeds connected to each other. Its use is considered contemporary in Omani traditional music, and for this reason we find it in some major cities such as Muscat and also in Salalah and Sohar.

percussion instruments

Percussion instruments in Omani music are called “jaldiyyat” and are usually classified according to leather straps or their typical shape. They are found in leather fingerings and two-fingered percussion instruments and include

  • The leather-numbered instruments are tambourine, tar, gothic, rhyme drums, brigade, vocal drums, and percussion.
  • While the two-digit instruments include the head drum that is only used in the art of al-Ayyala, the rahmani drum, the qasr, the rana, the marous, and the mahar barrel drum that is used especially in the rabab art.
  • The self-sounding percussion instruments are the bowls (sagat) and the kosha (kosha) used by women. Rubb machine, small spiral shell.
  • Percussion instruments such as the batu instrument, which is used in some harvest songs, and in the singing of Abu Zulf in the governorates of North and South Al Sharqiyah, in addition to percussion instruments such as Al-Harqash (Manjar Al-Tanbara). ), which is used to perform the mashuk in the southern Al-Batin region, and the rusk machine (forced).

What is the status of folk music in the Omani civilization?

Popular music in Omani society occupies a prominent place in the hearts of Omanis, as popular music contains many musical styles and lyrical colors, represented in

  • These formulas include
    • The voice of Al-Bara begins with Dhan and is sometimes called a recitation performed by a singer without the accompaniment of a musical instrument.
    • Rubub is a form of popular singing in cities such as Salalah and Mirbat.
    • Layla is considered one of the ancient forms of singing, and it is characterized by slow melodies performed at night after the end of the field and wailiya.
    • Dan Dan is used in wedding singing and falls under the name “Dan Dan” or wedding singing.
  • Polyrhythm formats, incl
    • The Malid is a hymn sung on religious and worldly occasions, and the Malid is recited by a man of knowledge and knowledge.
    • Interpretation This chant is performed at weddings and night gatherings celebrated by the social elite in the city of Salalah.
    • Midan is considered one of the most famous musical styles in Oman. It has distinctive poetry and performs on various occasions.
    • Liwa sings and plays in gatherings in the Al-Batin region and Muscat Governorate.
    • Narrations performed by the people of Musandam Governorate on the occasion of the wedding.
    • Makoura sings and plays for a group of blacks in the city of Tyre, in the Eastern Province.
    • Dalu is a singing style of a group of non-Arabs in Sohar that combines singing and acting.

What are the most important techniques for performing folk art and its characteristics?

There are many styles of popular performance, namely Bedouin (desert), rural (mountains and plains) and urban (cities). . Singing, mixed with recitation, is also widespread and is a common and popular instrument in Omani folk music, especially in poetic improvisational methods.

In conclusion, we explained the report of the Omani heritage instrument, in which we explained the types of musical instruments in the Omani heritage, which are divided into stringed, percussive and wind instruments.

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