Amazon fires threaten the Earth’s climate security.. Lula da Silva calls for an international bloc to confront

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Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva’s recent call to South American countries that share the Amazon forests to unite efforts to protect the main resource to combat the worsening climate change phenomenon, according to environmental experts, constituted an initiative worthy of international support, with the exacerbation of the global climate change crisis, and stressed that addressing the climate issue Necessary in order to preserve the human race on the planet, the responsibility lies with everyone.

Da Silva pledged to stop the deforestation of the Amazon, revealing his desire to create a federal police force that works more forcefully to protect the forests, and that the commitment is to reach zero deforestation in the Amazon by 2030. And I will follow that up with fire and sword.

Every summer, fears of the Amazon forest fires return, and environmental organizations begin to assess their rates and potential impacts.

And the year 2022 witnessed a significant increase in fire rates that these rainforests had not previously witnessed, an increase of 20 percent from last year.

Compared to the rates of fires since 1998, the increase has reached nearly 70%, which is a catastrophic rate that threatens the climate security of the planet in general, since these forests are the lungs of the earth and the largest area of ​​discharge of the first greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, at a rate of up to 150 billion tons.

Former Brazilian President Bolsonaro, an ally of agro-entrepreneurs, sparked international outrage during his four years in power over fires in the Amazon and systematic deforestation.

Under Bolsonaro, the average annual deforestation rose by 59.5% compared to the previous four years, and by 75.5% over the previous decade, according to government figures.

Experts say the destruction is mainly due to people taking over land and clearing trees to make it suitable for farming and livestock.

According to official figures, a record number of fires were recorded in the Amazon forests in Brazil, in a new indication of the destruction of the largest rainforest in the world.

And satellite images monitored 3,358 fires, Monday, August 22, 2022, which is the largest number recorded in one day since September 2007, that is, 15 years ago, according to a statement by an official from the National Institute for Space Studies to “Agence France Presse” Thursday.

This number is three times higher than the number of fires on August 10, 2019, known as the Day of Fire, when Brazilian farmers launched a massive slash-and-burn operation in the northeast of the country that spread to Sao Paulo, some 2,500 kilometers away, drawing international condemnation.

Alberto Setzer, head of the fire monitoring program at the institute, said there was no evidence that the Monday fires were coordinated but appeared to be part of a general pattern of increased deforestation.

Experts attribute the fires in the Amazon to the actions of farmers, ranchers and speculators who illegally clear land by burning trees.

Amazon fires

Setzer told AFP that the areas where the fires are most intense are moving north in an arc that widens the receding forest.

The fire season in the Amazon region usually begins in August with the onset of drought, and this year, since July, the institute has monitored 5,373 fires, an increase of 8% over the same month of 2021.

Since the beginning of August, 24,124 fires have been recorded, which means that it will be the worst August since the beginning of Jair Bolsonaro’s presidency, even if it is far from the same month in 2005 when 63,764 fires were detected, which is a record number since 1998.

President Jair Bolsonaro has faced criticism for supporting the destruction of the Amazon for agriculture. Since coming to power in January 2019, the rate of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has increased by 75% compared to the previous decade.

The deadliest wave of fires in the Amazon

Globally, many countries have witnessed intense floods, fires, and droughts in recent years, due to climate changes, and in the Amazon forests themselves, in the Colombian regions, the rate of forest fires increased at the beginning of this year, with January 2022 recording the hottest month in the Amazon during the decade. Last year, a report released by the Colombian Ministry of the Environment showed that January recorded the highest value for hotspots in the past 10 years in the Colombian Amazon.

The fire season in the Amazon usually runs from June to October, but the past three years, during Bolsonaro’s rule, numbers have been hitting record highs. Since Bolsonaro took office in January 2019, average deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has increased by 75% compared to the previous decade.

In 2019, the first year of his rule, Brazil witnessed the most violent wave of forest fires, and the authorities announced that the Amazon had witnessed more than 72,000 fires, an increase of 83% compared to the same period in 2018, and forest fires increased by 200% in August within a year, and it recorded 30 One thousand and 900 fires, and in the Brazilian state of Amazonas, a state of emergency was declared, after clouds of smoke spread over an area of ​​more than 3 million square kilometers over the Latin continent.

In the aftermath, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, expressed his concern, saying, “In the midst of the global climate crisis, we cannot afford more damage to a major source of oxygen and biodiversity.” The Amazon must be protected, at a time when Bolsonaro was threatening Brazil’s exit from the Paris climate agreement, following in the footsteps of his then US counterpart Donald Trump (withdrew from it in 2017).

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The crisis took on political dimensions, with French President Emmanuel Macron criticizing his Brazilian counterpart and inviting the G7 summit to discuss the Amazon fires during their meeting, to which Bolsonaro replied: I regret that President Macron seeks to activate an internal issue in Brazil and other Amazon countries for personal political gain.

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After being subjected to international condemnation, Bolsonaro stated, “We are a government that follows a policy of zero tolerance for crime.” In the field of environment, this is no different. We will act decisively to control the fires, and mobilize the army to help fight the fires, demanding that no sanctions be imposed on Brazil, after French and Irish warnings that a trade agreement between the European Union and the Mercosur Group could be halted due to its environmental policies, and at a time when European Union leaders warned that the fires pose a threat to the planet. the entire Earth, and it should be on the agenda of the G7 summit.

At home, demonstrations were taking place in a number of Brazilian cities, criticizing the president’s policies, while the fires were continuing and threatening millions of indigenous people, which prompted the leader of the indigenous people in Brazil, Rauni, to accuse Bolsonaro of seeking to destroy the Amazon rainforest.

Leila Salazar Lopez, executive director of Amazon Watch (a non-profit organization based in California, USA), said that these fires are an indication of Bolsonaro’s assault on the Amazon, which pushed the world’s largest rainforest towards a critical environmental tipping point, considering that the fires are the result of action. The malicious and deliberate Brazilian regime, and it is not due to natural accidents.

Lopez warned of the role of trade agreements in the continued destruction of the Amazon, noting that governments and companies around the world are encouraging Bolsonaro’s and his government’s toxic policies when they conclude trade agreements with his government, or invest in commercial and agricultural companies operating in the Amazon.

And she considered that the Free Trade Agreement between Brazil and the United States of America bears bad intentions regarding the future of the Amazon and the climate, adding: Since his inauguration, Bolsonaro has weakened or bankrupted government agencies that oversee the protection of the Amazon and indigenous peoples, and those responsibilities have been handed over to the Ministry of Agriculture, which supports the expansion of agricultural activities. and mining in forests.

About the Amazon rainforest

It covers an area of ​​5.5 million square kilometres

It is known as the lungs of the earth because it produces more than 20 percent of the world’s oxygen

It contains 10 percent of the known biological species and is the most biologically diverse on Earth

There are about 16 thousand species of trees and 390 billion trees.

The Amazon basin’s natural reserves include a quarter of the Earth’s creatures, in addition to 300,000 species of plants, 2,500 species of fish, 1,500 birds, 500 species of mammals, and 2.5 million species of insects.

It is home to between 400 and 500 indigenous tribes, about 50 of which have no contact with the outside population.

Cattle farms account for 70% of logging in the Amazon

Since 1970, about 800,000 square kilometers of rainforest in the Amazon have been destroyed due to logging

Almost 30 million people live in the Amazon region

It contains 20 percent of the world’s fresh water.

And the Amazon forest, 60 percent of which is located in Brazilian territory, is threatened with extinction within a few decades, according to specialists, in the event that the accelerated destruction that befell it is not remedied due to the combination of negative natural and human factors, from cutting and depleting its trees and investing in ways that are harmful to the environment, to drought and fires. Due to global warming, and the unprecedented rise in temperatures.

Amazon fires

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