The anniversary of the January 12th revolution.. Sisi’s supporters “turn” because of their narrow…

The anniversary of the January 12th revolution.. Sisi’s supporters “turn” because of their narrow…
The anniversary of the January 12th revolution.. Sisi’s supporters “turn” because of their narrow…
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It marks the 12th anniversary of the January 25, 2011 revolution in Egypt, and the popularity of the head of the military coup authority, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, is at stake among what remains of his supporters in the Egyptian street. Because the country is going through one of the worst economic crises, the collapse of its local currency, and the spiraling prices.

The revolution of the Egyptians faced a counterattack from the military establishment, which resulted in a military coup against the first elected civilian president, Dr. Mohamed Morsi, in the summer of 2013. Since that time, the Egyptian economy entered a critical phase in which the new regime relied on debt and grants.

After nearly nine years of Sisi’s rule with iron and fire and making promises after another of a comfortable life and the promised prosperity, poverty is knocking on the door of more citizens, which was touched upon by reports of newspapers and international news agencies regarding the deterioration of living conditions in the largest Arab country with a population (more than 104). millions of people).

The country entered a sharp and dangerous turn at the beginning of 2022, the outbreak of war between Russia and Ukraine, and the subsequent severe economic crisis at a time when the Egyptian economy was burdened with debts, hemmed in with hot money, unable to absorb the crisis, and began again to beg the International Monetary Fund, and offered the state’s assets and property for sale. And cut the value of the pound in half again.

Millions of Egyptians are now complaining about difficult economic conditions, including those who declared their absolute support for Sisi’s political, economic and security policies. However, observers and analysts confirmed to “Arabi 21” the occurrence of sharp changes in the situation in Egypt.

At a time when the Egyptian government says that inflation rates have reached 20 percent, Steve Hank, a well-known professor of economics at Johns Hopkins University, confirms that the real inflation rate in Egypt has jumped to 101 percent.

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International newspapers monitor the deterioration of Sisi’s popularity

The collapse of what remained of Sisi’s popularity coincided with a collapse in the Egyptian pound (the local currency), which was picked up by the Hebrew media and warned of its repercussions, as the “Israel Today” newspaper shed light on the raging economic crisis that Egypt entered into, until things reached, according to the testimonies of Egyptian citizens, the presence of A popular desire to get rid of Sisi.

In a report prepared by the Israeli writer Dana Ben Shimon, before the anniversary of the January 25 revolution, the newspaper quoted many testimonies of Egyptian citizens that reflect the poor economic conditions there, and stated that the Egyptian citizen, “Muhammad”, was until a few years ago a student in Cairo and planned to obtain a degree. PhD, “but life in Egypt did not show its face to him, so he decided to leave for another Arab country.”

In turn, the British newspaper “Financial Times” touched on the poor economic conditions in Egypt and confirmed that the new state that Sisi had promised to build had already failed, despite the aid of the Gulf states and donors (exceeding tens of billions of dollars).

The British newspaper said, in its editorial, days before the anniversary of January 25: “It is often assumed that Egypt is too big to fail, and that donors or the Gulf states will constantly come to the rescue of Cairo. But the reality is that with nearly sixty million people under the line Poverty, or just above it, and they get poorer, the state has already failed.”

For its part, Agence France-Presse said that the specter of poverty in Egypt is approaching the middle class in light of the ongoing economic crisis amid the devaluation of the currency and increasing inflation, which pushes it to take radical decisions and change its lifestyle.

A third of Egypt’s 104 million people live below the poverty line, according to the World Bank, while another third “are at risk of becoming poor.”

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Sisi’s popularity bubble

On the economic level, Dr. Hossam El-Shazly, the international political and economic advisor, said: “It is in no way possible to ignore the fact that what remains of Sisi’s popularity among his supporters and supporters is at stake, especially if we look at the structure of that popularity and how it is made. The fact of the matter is that Sisi’s popularity is It started with a big lie in the name of the June 30 demonstrations, in which modern photography techniques were used to give it a false size. In addition, he used these fabricated demonstrations to steal the right of Egyptians to self-determination and carry out a military coup against the first Egyptian president elected in free elections that modern Egypt did not even know. right Now”.

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And he added to “Arabi 21”: “His popularity does not represent Egypt or the Egyptians; his supporters are mostly members of that security system and their entourage and those who benefit from their corruption. It is based on loyalty to the homeland by the army’s leaders, and therefore, as we see here, Sisi’s popularity was based mainly on a corrupt security structure and a flimsy and unreal support system that relies on corrupt interests and does not extend to the street or to the people.

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Al-Shazly considered that “the first enemy of such flimsy popularity is the economic crises that Egypt is going through, which affected everyone, including Sisi’s supporters, as this crisis will be a great catalyst for an explosion that this false, utilitarian, corrupt popularity that is far from the people will not withstand, and that everyone who protects it will jump with The first signs of the upcoming popular anger, and therefore I claim that the economic crisis will be the straw that will break the back of Sisi and put an end to his regime and rule sooner or later.

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economic decline

For his part, Professor of Political Science and International Relations, Dr. Essam Abdel Shafi, said: “During the past ten years since the 2013 coup, Egypt has witnessed many transformations, the most serious of which was the deterioration of economic conditions, first in inflation rates and thus high prices, as well as the large increase in the volume of internal debts.” and foreign affairs in excess of half a trillion dollars.

He added to “Arabi 21”: One of the results of this was the increase in the proportion of those below the poverty line in Egyptian society to about 63%, with the inability of the vast majority of citizens to meet their basic living needs, which created a state of discontent and congestion among millions against the regime. and his policies.”

Al-Sisi’s internal popularity with his supporters declined, and extended to his regional supporters, according to Abdel-Shafi. “On the other hand, the regime has completely nationalized political life, so that no voice is louder than the voice of the head of the regime. There is no room for political parties, pressure groups, civil society organizations, or oversight political organizations.” Such as the People’s Assembly, and with the failure of the regime in its policies and the destruction of the structure and structures of political, popular and societal dialogue, it was natural for there to be an erosion and decline in the size of those who support this regime, whether at home or abroad, so that it has already become a burden on most if not all of the parties that support it. I have supported him since his coup.”

In turn, the writer and journalist, Qutub Al-Arabi, said: “Al-Sisi’s supporters turned when his knife reached their necks and their livelihood. The Egyptian proverb says, “Bite my heart and do not bite my loaf.” Al-Sisi promised them many sweet promises, on the condition that they bear with him for six months, then a year, then two years. They doubled his request.

He added to “Arabi 21”: “But they did not find anything from his promises, rather they found that their conditions were getting worse, as prices are rising, services and job opportunities are scarce, while incomes are constant in terms of numbers and declining in their market value. “.

Al-Arabi believed that “people in Egypt, and I mean the majority of the simple, can be patient with oppression and the absence of freedoms, but they cannot be patient with hunger in this way.”

Confiscating the future of youth

turn; Political activist Ahmed Al-Baqari said, “The coup of the remaining supporters who dispersed around Sisi successively was reinforced by the abject failure in managing the economic file, and everyone is living a painful, difficult and intolerable reality, and there is no way out of it except by selling the people’s assets and capabilities, and they are between the hammer of high prices and impotence.”

He confirmed to “Arabi 21” that “many of the remaining supporters have lost any hope for an improvement in the standard of living, and there has become a conviction that what is yet to come is worse, and all the promises that Sisi made to himself were in vain, and he even added to them burdening everyone with taxes and fees, and the matter reached a point The promotion of eating chicken legs reflects the magnitude of the economic crisis.

He pointed out that “the conditions of young people are getting worse with the increasing numbers of unemployment and the lack of job opportunities due to the army’s control over the public sector, not to mention the decimation of the political climate and the suppression of anyone who tries to express his opinion, and killing in the hearts of young people the dream of the future… What did the youth gain after the youth conferences he held Millions were spent on it, nothing but heartbreak, poverty and unemployment?

Getting rid of Sisi is a requirement

The political and human rights activist and one of the participants in the January 25 revolution, Abd al-Rahman Atef, said that “the change in the opinions of supporters of Sisi and his regime has become noticeable in the recent period from several social groups and classifications, starting with the poor group that supported him in the hope of continuing aid that ended with the gradual end of the internal movement.” Passing through the middle class, which today suffers from the inability to provide basic needs.

He added to “Arabi 21”: “Down to the merchants, major importers and owners of companies who suffer from a shortage of foreign currency, their factories stopped, their trade disrupted, and their profits declined sharply, and the import restrictions and the complexity of procedures made talking about getting rid of Sisi a common dream.”

Abd al-Rahman added, “Even the miserable regime still enjoys the state of hypocrisy from some of its media mouthpieces and deputies in parliament, the sheikhs, and some state institutions, and it still believes that there are those who want it and are ready to risk their livelihood and be patient with poverty and hunger while walking around on an expensive bike, and wearing paid shoes.” An employee for a full year, and the security grip may be useful in politics and opinion, but it is not useful against hungry, empty stomachs and empty pockets of money.”

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