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A study issued by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which is based in Vienna, confirmed that the multiplicity of climate disasters, which push millions of people to displace on the roads, is “one of the main reasons” for human trafficking, and also warned of the dangers arising from the Ukrainian crisis.
The study – which was published today / Tuesday / – stated that it had reached these results based on data collected from 141 countries during the period between 2017 and 2020, as well as an analysis of 800 court cases.
The study predicted that over time, “entire areas will become uninhabitable”; Which “will disproportionately affect” poor communities that mainly feed on agriculture or fishing.
Fabrizio Sarica, the author of the study, explained in press statements before the study was published, that these people (poor communities) will find themselves “deprived of their livelihood and forced to flee their communities” and thus become easy prey for human traffickers.--
The study of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime indicated that in 2021 alone; Climate disasters have caused the internal displacement of more than 23.7 million people, with many of these people forced to travel outside their countries.-
The study believes that there is another fertile ground for human trafficking activities represented in armed conflicts, adding that if Africa is the continent most affected by far, then the United Nations refers to another possible “dangerous” situation in Ukraine, welcoming the measures taken by the European Union countries. To receive and protect millions of refugees.
“It is difficult to know how to manage (human) trafficking resulting from war and instability,” said Ilias Chatzis, who is in charge of human trafficking and migrant smuggling at the UN Office on Drugs and Crime.
“With regard to Ukraine, for example, we should not only help neighboring countries, but also increase our support for the authorities of countries that have been exhausted by the war effort,” he noted.