It was only coincidence that put in my path, a few days ago, one of those books on the revolution, and it was not about a single revolution, but rather in a book whose pages exceed a thousand, there was a long list of revolutions that took place in the twenty-first century.
The book was edited by three editors – Andrei Kortaev, Jack Goldstone and Leonid Gliffin – under the title “Guide to Revolutions in the Twenty-First Century” and a follow-up title “New Waves of Revolutions, Causes and Consequences of Cutting the Path of Political Change.”
The book published last year – 2022 – by a Swiss publishing house, is of the type of encyclopedic books, which deals with the phenomenon of revolution initially in order to compare it with the revolutions of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, those revolutions that took place in a century here, and took the name “spring” registered with the names of flowers. Jasmine and lotus, orange and violet colors, and so on.
It was no coincidence that the revolutions of the “Arab Spring” took a respectable part of the volume, and it was natural that what happened in Egypt at the beginning of the second decade of the twenty-first century was at the heart of it.
Historically, revolutions usually took place in the month of July in the midst of the sweltering summer, and suddenly began to occur in the month of January, when the harsh winter and roaring, which scorched the faces.
The truth is that in Egypt, the month of January did not witness a single revolution whose existence the Egyptian political community celebrates with praise and disparagement today, six years after its occurrence. There was another revolution that took place before that, and perhaps if it was destined to succeed, there would have been no need for the subsequent revolutions.
Forty-four years have passed since this monumental event occurred when Egyptians came out in hundreds of thousands, or it was said in the millions, on January 18 and 19, 1977, in protest against the rise in prices and the lifting of subsidies on commodities that no one was producing except the government.
The story may have begun in October 1973, when the Egyptian people found that they could overcome a major defeat that dug in their depths a sense of humiliation. They did not appreciate that the result was the result of hard work, abundant sweat, and a lot of blood.
This was exactly what President Anwar Sadat wanted when he put in place the policy of economic openness, which did not mean anything but a lot of work, a lot of production and export, and openness to a world that is advancing on all fronts.---
We must not forget that in 1977 and after that in 1978 were the years in which China made a fateful decision to roll up its sleeves and act more forcefully than it speaks with all the enthusiasm of the Red Book, and it was the same years in which the “Asian tigers” were born, in which countries decided to It depends on itself, and it is the same decision that Vietnam itself did not delay in catching up with before the end of the twentieth century.
The opportunity was missed in Egypt, at a time when the world is looking at it differently from what it used to think of it before. Not only did the development policy stop, but it was followed by the assassination of President Sadat. For an entire decade of the eighties of the twentieth century, the story of the bread revolution and the killing of the man of war and peace remained ruling and ordering the management of poverty, and avoiding reform that only brings many pains that no one wants to bear, imagining that countries are progressing through what comes into the pockets of their citizens, and not through establishing The edifices, the dissemination of urbanization, and the nights of staying up for work and creativity.
It was incomprehensible not only why the Egyptians launched the bread revolution, but rather why they were silent after that for a whole decade, while the slums are spreading and the Salafist thought prevails, and why the question: Why did we fall behind? The following January in 2011 these questions were not asked.
The chant was demanding subsistence, freedom, social justice, and human dignity, but after that nothing, and as far as it was required to increase the minimum wage, and set the upper limit for wages, regardless of competence, knowledge, ability, skill, and creativity; There was not a single reference to work or productivity.
All of this had to wait for another revolution to come, in June 2013 this time, and in it it may have turned into a path that puts Egypt in the path of China, Vietnam and other countries.
This is a new story, and the scourge of our neighborhood may not only be oblivion, but rather that we ask questions: Why did we fall behind?, Why does our backwardness continue?, Do we really want Egypt to be strong, great, and advanced, and that it deserves a lot of effort, thinking, renewal, and evaluation of what happened?
* Quoted from Al-Masry Al-Youm
All published articles represent the opinion of its authors only.