Recently, a new book was published under the title “The February 4 Incident… A New Reading of History”, by Dr. Khaled Qandil, a member of the Senate, in which he deals with a period of time in the history of Egypt and the changes that occurred in the English Empire and the German forces at the time, passing through the events that took place in Egypt, Especially the incident of February 4, 1942 and the truth about Al-Nahhas Pasha’s position on forming the government, and how this incident is being used to market false information to distort the historical leaders of Al-Wafd.
The book consists of 231 pages and includes a documentary appendix with pictures about this important historical era. Through the six chapters of the book, the writer travels in a sweet manner, moving between events and linking documents between their sequence in Egypt to present the truth of what happened on February 4 in a new approach to history.
And Dr. Khaled Qandil wrote in the introduction to the book: Many historians view the year 1942 as one of the defining years in modern history, the one that played a major role in changing the rules of the political and strategic game, not only in Egypt, but in many countries of the world, especially the history of Modern Britain, that empire that a few years before that period was called “the empire on which the sun never sets”, before it turned into a mere besieged European country, after Germany occupied vast areas of Europe, starting with the countries overlooking the Ural Mountains and not ending with the bordering countries On the Pyrenees Mountains, which had a serious role in reducing the influence and power of Britain, to actually turn into a besieged country, after its fleets ruled the seas, to find itself overnight under siege by German submarines in many seas of the world, and at the same time under pressure from the forces Germany in many of the countries that occupied it, including Egypt, which was following the news of the progress of those forces, and saw hope in them to get rid of this hateful occupation.
February 4th Incident Book
When the German forces approached the Egyptian border, the British forces were awaiting the advance of these forces in a state of panic. It was not hidden from anyone to the extent that prompted some of their leaders in Egypt to adopt a desperate plan to stop the progress of these forces, if they approached Cairo, based on opening the barrages. And dams to flood the delta to prevent the advance of German forces or their arrival at their bases in the Suez Canal area.--
Despite Egypt’s declaration in 1939 of severing its relations with Germany, Britain believed that this position alone was not sufficient, in order to secure Egypt’s position, in which the popular feeling in it had reached its climax against the British, and King Farouk’s position was not far from the national feeling. This has already been confirmed by British intelligence.-
In the introduction, the writer indicated that the Wafd Party, led by its historical leader Mustafa Al-Nahhas, was known with its patriotic and political sense that the Egyptian people opposed the war on the side of Britain at a time when other powers saw some of them defected from the Wafd, such as the Saadian bloc led by Ahmed Maher and the Constitutional Liberals led by Muhammad Hussein Haykal. Egypt for the war on the side of Britain would support the Egyptian army with weapons and Egypt’s political position demanding independence after the end of the war.
Britain’s fears had reached their limits when the students of Cairo University left, chanting “Progress, Rommel,” in the belief that he would save them from the British army. submit his resignation.
The writer adds that for more than eight decades, many of the Wafd’s historical opponents use what happened in the February 4, 1942 incident to challenge the Wafd Party and its historical leaders to the extent of distorting the Wafd’s national reputation and portraying it in many writings that are not neutral or that lack wisdom in the image of an alliance with the English. And negligent about the independence of the country and therefore, as the writer says, the book provides a careful reading of what happened in that difficult period in the history of Egypt in an attempt to search for the truth of what happened, as the writer revealed the truth of what happened and the real reason that prompted Al-Nahhas Pasha to refuse to form the ministry after the intervention of the British ambassador and his direction and a number of The British officers, armed with pistols, went to the king’s room to meet with him. In the ambassador’s hand was a paper to abdicate the throne and invite Al-Nahhas Pasha to form a ministry. However, Al-Nahhas Pasha apologized and asked to be relieved of the task, but the king insisted, and then Ahmed Maher said: “Oh Nahhas Pasha, you will form the ministry at the point of British spears.” Al-Nahhas’ response was categorical and decisive, and he said: “I am not the one who leans on the teeth of spears, and I compose the ministry by order of the king.”