The moon is constantly bombarded by asteroids and almost all the effects we don’t see on Earth, but amazing animations give us a chance to see what these cosmic events might actually look like.
It shows a video you shared Hazegrayart, a channel on “YouTube” that provides animations about how rockets work, how the moon’s surface will look damaged by space rocks, since it is rare to capture them with telescopes.
Small lights flicker on the moon’s surface in the three-minute animation of asteroids smashing into its surface, and a closer look shows a stunning after-impact space rock-impact like an explosion of fire. More than 6,100 pounds of meteorite hit the moon daily, that’s roughly 100,000 individual rocks, but most objects are the size of a speck of dust.
However, had the moon not blocked out the space rocks, the Earth would have been hit instead – and we learned that life might not have existed.
The moon is located about 240,000 miles from Earth, where it shines light on us at night, creates high and low tides, and provides animals with a natural migration and navigational tool.
Its age is about 4.53 billion years, while the age of the Earth is about 4.54 billion years.
Although scientists aren’t entirely sure how the moon was formed, current theory is that it appeared during a collision between Earth and a smaller planet, the size of Mars.
The International Astronomical Union currently recognizes 9,137 craters on the moon’s surface, of which 1,675 are dated.
The slowest asteroid travels 45,000 miles per hour, while the fastest is more than 160,000 miles per hour. At such speeds, even the tiny ones have incredible energy – one with a mass of just 10 pounds can dig a hole more than 30 feet wide, and throw 165,000 pounds of lunar soil and rock onto ballistic tracks over the moon’s surface.
In 2013, NASA announced that the telescope captured the moment an 88-pound meteorite hit the Moon.
“It exploded in a flash that was nearly 10 times as bright as anything we’ve seen before,” Bill Cook, of NASA’s Meteorite Environment Office at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, said in a statement.
NASA said the flash was so bright that anyone looking at the moon at the moment of impact could see it without a telescope.