Vienna negotiations discuss sanctions… and pessimism behind the scenes

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Despite the optimism expressed by the participants in Nuclear negotiations Which was launched on Monday in Vienna, in order to revive the agreement signed between Iran and the West in 2015, but many diplomats appear pessimistic behind the scenes, realizing that the seventh round may be prolonged without reaching constructive results.

Perhaps this is what the coordinator of negotiations in the European Union, European diplomat Enrique Mora, alluded to yesterday, pointing out that this round is “open” in the sense that it may last for a long time due to the need for delegations to return to capitals for consultation before completing the discussion in the Austrian capital.

“It won’t be easy”

In turn, the Russian delegate, Mikhail Ulyanov, stressed that the negotiating process “will not be easy.”

He also explained that “the differences, especially between Iran and the Western parties, are still significant on many points. But the discussions that took place on the two of us and our separate talks with US Special Envoy Robert Malley It showed that everyone without exception is determined to achieve a positive result.”

As for the agenda of the discussions on the negotiating table today, Tuesday, it is limited to sanctions!

Mora was clear yesterday when he announced that discussions today are focused on sanctions, and that they will discuss Iran’s nuclear activities tomorrow, Wednesday.

The composition of the delegation and penalties!

Tehran adheres to the issue of lifting sanctions as a primary goal of returning to the negotiating table, and it has confirmed this more than once by many officials, starting with the foreign minister, passing by his assistant, to the head of the negotiating delegation in the Austrian capital.

Perhaps the composition of the Iranian delegation sitting in Vienna is also a great indication of the economic importance that the hard-line government of Ibrahim Raisi attaches to the issue of lifting the US sanctions that have been imposed on the country and on many sectors in it, since US President Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement in 2018.

The delegation that participated in the discussions yesterday, Monday, consisted of the chief negotiator Ali Bagheri, the two ministers of economic and legal affairs, as well as the deputy governor of the Central Bank, the deputy minister of economy, and the deputy minister of oil, in addition to the economic advisor to the Iranian vice president and the former governor of the central bank, according to what Several Iranian and international media reported.

What prompted Ulyanov himself to comment on that composition, saying on his Twitter account: “The composition of the new Iranian delegation in the Vienna talks, is impressive! I think it is interpreted as evidence of serious intentions.”

While Washington reiterated that the goal of the talks is for Iran to return to the nuclear agreement and abide by its terms. On Monday evening, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki stressed that the US goal is for Tehran to return to full compliance with the agreement.

A US State Department spokesman, in response to a question from Al-Arabiya/Al-Hadath correspondent in Washington yesterday, confirmed that “the negotiations will not succeed if Tehran insists on the request to lift the sanctions imposed on it, without complying with the nuclear agreement.”

It is noteworthy that 6 rounds of talks have been held since last April (2021) before stopping in June before the presidential elections in Iran, without achieving consensus on all the items, despite the optimism that was dominant at the time, and despite the resolution of a good number of the contract, but that The issue of sanctions is back this time and strongly to the table by Raisi’s government, which adheres to it as a condition for any further step.





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