Urinary tract infection occurs when germs infect the urinary system – the kidneys, bladder, and tubes that… bind it Bladder infections are common and usually not dangerous, if treated promptly, but infection in the kidneys can be dangerous.
Doctors usually treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics, but some steps can be taken to reduce the chances of infection, including personal hygiene and permanent emptying of the bladder.
Here we review the causes of urinary tract infections and how to diagnose them.
1- Symptoms: Symptoms of urinary tract infections in the bladder or kidneys include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination, lower abdominal pain with cloudy or foul-smelling urine, pain on both sides of the lower back, fever and chills, vomiting and nausea.
2- Similar symptoms with other diseases: Although burning during urination is an alarming sign of urinary tract infection, it can be a symptom of other problems in women, or for some sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, and urinary tract infection can be distinguished from others, with examinations and cystoscopy. .
3- Asymptomatic infections: Urinary tract infections occasionally occur without the traditional symptoms, and the patient may not show any symptoms, however, a urine test shows the presence of bacteria, and in many cases no treatment is needed, but pregnant women and some Children and kidney transplants.
4- Complications of infection: Untreated urinary tract infection may cause the infection to spread from the bladder to the kidneys, which may permanently reduce the efficiency of their work, and may lead to kidney failure in some cases, with a small possibility of transmission of the infection to the bloodstream and spread to other organs .
5- How does the infection start? Many types of bacteria live in the intestines and the genital area. If harmful bacteria enter the urinary system, they may cause a urinary tract infection, made worse by lack of fluids, prolonged retention of urine in the bladder, and kidney stones.
6- Diagnosis: It begins with a simple urine test that looks for bacteria, abnormal white and red blood cell counts, and a culture can be done to confirm the type of bacteria and whether the person has an infection or not.
7- Treatment: Some urinary tract infections do not require treatment, but antibiotics will always treat them with drinking plenty of fluids and emptying the bladder frequently to help flush out the bacteria, but severe kidney infections may require hospital care.
8- Urinary tract infection and diabetes: People with diabetes are more likely to have a urinary tract infection because their immune systems are weaker, high blood sugar may leak into the urine and stimulate bacteria growth, and diabetes-related nerve damage may prevent the bladder from emptying completely.
9- Urinary tract in the elderly: Urinary tract infection is among the most common types of infection in the elderly, but the symptoms may not follow the usual pattern, and appear in the form of delirium or behavioral changes, and this age group is more likely to develop serious complications as a result of this infection. .
10- Preventing infection: One of the things that can reduce the risk of urinary tract infection is drinking plenty of water, personal hygiene, cleaning the genital area with water and paper towels, and wiping from front to back so that the chances of bacteria reaching the urethra are less.
11- When do you go to the doctor? See your doctor immediately if you have signs of a urinary tract infection, to avoid complications, and this includes pregnant women, the elderly and men, as well as people with diabetes, or those with kidney problems or a weak immune system.