The celebration of World Osteoporosis Day falls on October 20 of each year, with the aim of raising awareness about the disease that severely affects an individual’s bone health.
Osteoporosis is a medical condition that makes a person’s bones weak enough to fracture at the slightest impact.
Bones are the body’s support system that bears all of the weight, gives shape, protects organs, and aids in freedom of movement in the body.
The World Osteoporosis Day was first commemorated on October 20, 1996, by the National Osteoporosis Society in the United Kingdom, and this initiative received additional support from the European Commission with the aim of preventing osteoporotic fractures.
In the late 1990s, the World Health Organization (WHO) began sponsoring this day along with the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), with the aim of raising awareness of the disease, its symptoms, prevention and treatment, and educating people about the importance of regular testing to diagnose it at an early stage.
What is osteoporosis?
Bones are made up of a protein called collagen along with a mineral called calcium phosphate, which is responsible for making bones hard and strong.
Calcium and minerals are essential components of the bones, which begin to decline with age, which threatens the owner of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis makes bones so weak that they break easily, even with a slight fall, bump, sneeze or sudden movement.
Fractures caused by osteoporosis can be life-threatening and a major cause of long-term pain and disability.
Worldosteoporosisday reports that osteoporotic fractures have a devastating impact on millions of people around the world, and lead to enormous social and economic costs to society and healthcare systems.
Statistically, women are more prone to bone-related diseases than men, so they should take better care of their bones regardless of age to avoid tomorrow’s problems.
According to the latest figures published by the World Osteoporosis Day website, 1 in 3 women over the age of 50 suffers from an osteoporotic fracture.
Also, one in five men faces the same risks, and only about 20% of patients with osteoporosis are fortunate to be diagnosed and treated.
The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) says there are 9 million fractures every year, with a tremendous impact on patients and their families as well as on healthcare systems.
Among the major osteoporotic fractures, vertebral and hip fractures have severe consequences and lead to enormous long-term medical costs.
Among the most important problems that osteoporosis patients may face:
– deterioration of bone tissue
Osteoporosis leads to frequent fractures
If osteoporosis affects the human spine, it can lead to severe pain and a stooped posture
Osteoporosis also leads to early menopause
Patients with osteoporosis are at risk of developing other diseases such as gastrointestinal diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes
Steps to maintaining healthy bones
For a future free of fractures and a life with healthy bones, you must follow a set of golden tips mentioned by the “World Osteoporosis Day” website, as follows:
1- Doing sports
Exercise regularly and keep your bones and muscles moving. Weight training, muscle strengthening, and balance training are best.
Make sure your diet is rich in bone-healthy elements. Calcium, Vitamin D and protein are among the most important elements for bone health.
Safe exposure to sunlight also helps you get enough vitamin D.
Avoid negative lifestyle habits, and it is necessary to maintain a healthy body weight, while also avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
4- Risk factors
Find out if you have risk factors and bring it to your doctor’s attention especially if you’ve had a previous fracture, are over 50, have a family history of osteoporosis, or take certain medications that affect bone health.
In this case, the doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, and for those at high risk, medications may be prescribed for optimal protection against fractures.
5- Test and treatment
Get tested and treated if needed, and if you’re at high risk, you’ll likely need medications and lifestyle changes to help protect yourself from fractures.
Exercises that help patients with osteoporosis
In the event that the individual is diagnosed with osteoporosis, some exercises reviewed by the firstpost site can be practiced to help strengthen the legs and back, as follows:
It helps the patient to strengthen his legs, and getting up to the toes and then back to the heels is an effective balance exercise.
These exercises are important for those who suffer from stooped shoulders, as they help flatten the upper back.
Functional exercises such as wall slides can also help improve shoulder posture.
Hip and back exercises
It is very important to do hip and back strengthening exercises that also help improve balance.