With climate change and the approach of cold weather and the winter season, many people are afraid of catching a cold and influenza, especially in the midst of an epidemic, so what is the difference between influenza and a cold, and how do we prevent them?Influenza and colds are considered infectious diseases of the respiratory system, but they are caused by different viruses, according to (Al Jazeera Net).
And the American Center for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that influenza is caused by influenza viruses only, while colds can be caused by a number of different viruses, including rhinoviruses, parainfluenza and seasonal coronaviruses.
And the center added, “Because the symptoms of influenza and colds are similar in symptoms, it may be difficult to distinguish between them based on symptoms alone, in general, influenza is considered worse than the common cold, and symptoms are usually more severe and start suddenly.”
The common cold is usually milder than the flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose than people with the flu. Colds generally do not lead to serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalization, while the flu can have complications. serious associated with it.
Flu symptoms vs cold symptoms
Cold symptoms are usually milder than flu symptoms, and people with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose, and colds generally don’t lead to serious health problems.
Prevention of colds
There are many preventive measures to avoid catching a cold, such as:
To get a good night’s sleep, one needs between 7 and 9 hours of sleep in the fall, as German experts have confirmed that women need more hours of sleep than men.
Eating a balanced diet rich in vitamin C, and this vitamin is ideal for fighting viruses, and it is present in many foods, especially fruits and vegetables, and Panicé explains that “cilantro, kiwi and parsley contain a very high percentage of vitamin C.”
Drink water in sufficient quantities.
Ventilate rooms, even in winter, so viruses don’t stay in a hot and humid place, which helps them multiply, according to Panicé.
Wash your hands regularly to avoid transmission, and this must be done several times throughout the day to get rid of various bacteria.
Get vaccinated. The annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to protect yourself from this disease and its dangerous complications, according to the World Health Organization.
Wash your hands regularly. Hand hygiene protects against most infections, including the flu, and keeping hands clean is an easy way to protect your health and the health of your family.
Wash your hands regularly with soap and running water, and dry them well with a disposable towel. You can also use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Germs are most likely transmitted to the body through the eyes, nose, and mouth. While you can’t control everything you inhale, you can reduce the risk of infection by keeping your hands away from your face. If you have to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, Use a clean tissue or wash your hands first.
Avoid being around sick people. Flu is contagious and spreads easily in crowded places, such as public transportation, schools, nursing homes, and social gatherings.
If you are sick, stay at home, if you have the flu, being close to others puts them at risk of infection.