Baldness for a man is a natural thing with his age, but its occurrence is not normal with young people in the prime of life, as well as with women at any age.
There are many causes of baldness for both men and women, and there are many treatment methods, which take a long time, between transplantation, lasers and stem cells that have recently begun to be tested.
Here we review the causes of baldness, attempts to treat it, and some ways to prevent it.
Causes: The causes of baldness are attributed to increased male hormones, genetic genes for baldness, diseases such as alopecia and malaria, stress, malnutrition, fungal and bacterial infections of the scalp, and the use of salt water to wash hair.
Androgenetic alopecia: Many men and women suffer from androgenetic alopecia, which is most common due to genetic factors and changing hormone levels with a decrease in the male hormone testosterone and changes in the natural cycle of hair growth and shrinking of its follicles. Androgenetic alopecia affects 3 women for every 5 men, and it may affect adolescents, and if hair loss is caused by a temporary condition, such as disease, medication, stress, or iron deficiency, the loss will stop when it ends, but if genetics is the cause, it is better to search for a treatment.
Causes of baldness in women: Although baldness cases are more prevalent among men, they may also affect women, but in a different way, as they appear in the form of voids in the scalp and thinning hair. Hair loss is normal, when 50 to 100 hairs fall out per day. There are many causes of baldness in women. Including genes, that a woman inherits from her parents, or changing hormones, after menopause, and taking medications such as cancer treatments.
Hair transplantation: Hair transplantation is a permanent solution by transferring a small patch of skin containing 1-15 hairs from the areas of the scalp where hair grows heavily to a bald area, with grafting and individual patches, but there are risks of bleeding, bruising, swelling and infection.
Laser therapy: It is a form of light and heat treatment to stimulate hair growth and treat genetic alopecia in men and women, and it may also improve hair density.
Stem cells: Stem cells have an amazing ability to reproduce almost indefinitely, as the results of early experiments indicated that a new method of using stem cells derived from abdominal fat restores the growth of head hair, and prevents weak hair loss.
Preventive measures: It is recommended to protect hair from baldness by following a healthy diet rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals, and to protect hair from exposure to sunlight by wearing hats, avoiding combing it when it is dry and using a brush in it.