While most cases of children’s infections with corona are mild, infection with the virus has been linked to a new serious syndrome in children, as dozens of children who have tested positive have shown symptoms such as rash, fever, diarrhea and swelling of the hands and feet, all of which are signs similar to a rare condition called Kawasaki, also known as pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome (PIMS), which can lead to severe heart problems.Here are 5 things you should know about Kawasaki:
1- The symptoms of “Kawasaki” appear in stages
When a person has Kawasaki for the first time, the most serious symptoms are a high temperature that lasts five days or more. Other diagnostic signs that appear in this first stage include cracked lips, sore throat, swollen hands and feet, and a rash covering the back and extremities. and abdomen, which are symptoms resulting from inflammation in the arteries, veins, capillaries and lymph nodes.
After having a fever for about two weeks, the patient may enter the second stage of the disease, the symptoms of which are diarrhea, vomiting, joint pain and temporary hearing loss, and peeling of the skin of the hands and feet may appear.
As for the third stage, it is known as the convalescent stage, and it comes about four weeks after the fever first appears, then patients gradually recover and their symptoms improve.
2- Kawasaki can have deadly symptoms
Most children with Kawasaki disease recover fully, and cure rates are higher when the disease is detected early, but in some cases the disease has serious effects on the cardiovascular system, as it can lead to rare cases of heart disease and heart attacks in children, Heart problems About a quarter of Kawasaki patients who do not receive early treatment.
3- Uncommon disease
Kawasaki disease is rare, affecting approximately 4,200 children in the United States annually. The syndrome is almost exclusively for children, with most cases occurring in patients younger than 5 years of age, and 1.5 times more common in boys. Rates of Kawasaki disease are higher 10 to 20 times more in East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan than in the United States.
4- A simple recipe that prevents complications
Aspirin is one of the primary treatments for Kawasaki disease, as it can help relieve pain, reduce fever, and prevent blood clots in children with this condition. Physician supervision.
Another major treatment for the disease is immunoglobulin, a solution of antibodies from healthy donors that helps boost the patient’s immune system to fight the disease. It is given through the patient’s vein and, if given early enough, can reduce symptoms within 36 hours.
5- The relationship of “Kawasaki” to “Corona”
Doctors aren’t clear about the causes of Kawasaki disease, but one theory suggests that some viruses can trigger a highly inflammatory response in genetically susceptible children. This is similar to what is observed in the new pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome, which is likely linked to COVID-19).
More research remains to be done to understand the relationship between the syndrome and (COVID-19), and it is too early to establish a direct link, but it seems plausible that the new coronavirus triggers an immune response that may lead to Kawasaki disease, according to a cardiologist.