The new Lebanese government was born on Friday, after more than a year of emptiness. According to news coming from Beirut, on Friday, that President Michel Aoun andPrime Minister-designate Najib Mikati They signed a decree to form the new government, in the presence of Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri.
The Lebanese presidency said in a statement that Prime Minister-designate Mikati and President Aoun signed a decree to form a new government in the presence of the Speaker of Parliament.
There has been no effective government in Lebanon for more than a year, at a time when the country is witnessing an aggravation in the collapse of the economic situation.
Mikati announced after the formation of the new Lebanese government, during a press conference, and said: We need the Arab world .. We belong to the Arab world and we need it .. We will knock on the door of every Arab country for help.
Mikati added by saying that “there is no place for the unemployed in the Lebanese government, and we will bear responsibility for those who do this, and we hope to stop the collapse that Lebanon is witnessing,” stressing that “the new Lebanese government represents everyone,” adding: “I have two-thirds of the government and there is no obstruction to it,” and pledged to hold parliamentary elections. On time.
According to the Lebanese media, the government consists of:
Najib Mikati, Prime Minister
– His Excellency Al-Shami, Deputy Prime Minister
Abdallah Bou Habib, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Walid Fayyad, Minister of Energy and Water
Bassam Mawlawi, Minister of the Interior
– Amin Salam, Minister of Economy and Trade
– Henri Khoury as Minister of Justice
Youssef Khalil, Minister of Finance
– Firas Al-Abyad as Minister of Health
Ali Himiya, Minister of Public Works and Transport
Abbas Hajj Hassan, Minister of Agriculture
– Mohamed Mortada, Minister of Culture
– Mustafa Biro, Minister of Labour
Abbas Al-Halabi, Minister of Education
– Issam Sharaf El-Din, Ministry of the Displaced
– Nasser Yassin, Minister of Environment
– Johnny Corm for the Ministry of Communications
– George Kordahi, Minister of Information
– Brigadier General Maurice Selim of the Ministry of Defense
George Kallas, Minister of Youth and Sports
– George Dabakian, Minister of Industry
Lebanese President Michel Aoun
Mikati met President Aoun, according to what the Lebanese presidency announced, in a move that Mikati said was aimed at Announcing the birth of a long-awaited governmentAccording to statements carried by his news site before the meeting.
Lebanon witnessed a vacuum at the government level, after Hassan Diab announced the resignation of his government after the explosion that occurred in the port of Beirut on August 4 last year, and as a result, Mustafa Adib was assigned to form the government.
After his apology for that on September 26, 2020, Saad Hariri was chosen to form the government, but for 9 months he did not succeed and announced his apology last July. Mikati, 65, was subsequently assigned to this government.
During the past weeks, a positive atmosphere preceded several meetings that brought together Aoun with Mikati, before obstacles that emerged at the last moments prevented the formation of the government.
This comes more than a year after the resignation of Hassan Diab’s government, days after the horrific explosion of the port of Beirut on August 4, 2020, and disputes over the sharing of ministerial seats between the major powers.
During this period, the unprecedented economic crisis, whose features began in the summer of 2019, deepened, with 78% of the Lebanese people living below the poverty line, according to the United Nations.
Disagreements over the form of the government and the distribution of seats between the major powers prevented its birth during the past months, despite two previous attempts to form it since the port explosion, which killed more than 200 people, injured more than 6,500 and destroyed neighborhoods in the city.
Difficult tasks await the next government, which will quickly reach an agreement with the International Monetary Fund as a first step to get Lebanon out of the prolonged economic crisis.
For more than a year, the international community linked its provision of any financial support to Lebanon to the formation of a government of specialists that was engaged in carrying out radical reforms that would put an end to the accelerating collapse. He contented himself with waiting to provide urgent humanitarian aid, without going through official institutions, despite the authorities’ repeated appeal to donors not to link their support to Lebanon with the formation of a government.