Of 24: Despite scientific evidence that the Earth is round, some people really believe that the Earth is flat.
Assuming that the Earth is flat, there are a lot of questions that arise about how daily life, if it continues to exist at all, and whether there are any advantages to living on a strange flat disk with the sun and moon spinning in the sky.
1. Say goodbye to gravity (at least as we know it)
On a spherical Earth, gravity pulls objects equally, no matter where they are in the world. For the Earth to take the shape of a flat disk in the first place, gravity, as we know it, must have no effect. If that happens, it will pull the planet back into a spherical shape.
A flat Earth would probably not have gravity at all, because a solid, disk-like Earth would not be possible under actual gravitational conditions, according to calculations by mathematician and physicist James Clerk Maxwell in the 1850s.
Or maybe on a flat Earth, gravity will pull everything to the center of the disk, the North Pole. In this scenario, the further away you are from the North Pole, the greater the horizontal gravitational pull toward the disk’s central point, according to James Davis, a geophysicist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. This will cause chaos all over the world.
2. The Earth will definitely be devoid of atmosphere
Without gravity, a flat Earth would not be able to hold onto the layer of gases called the atmosphere. The force of gravity is what holds this veil around our planet. Without this protective envelope, Earth’s sky would turn black because the light from the Sun would no longer scatter when it enters Earth’s atmosphere and paint the sky the familiar blue we see today.
The loss of atmospheric pressure would expose plants and animals to the vacuum of space, suffocating in seconds, zoologist and educator Luis Villazon wrote in BBC Science Focus.
Without the planet’s atmosphere, the water would initially boil in the vacuum of space. This is because water boils when its vapor pressure equals atmospheric pressure, so a lower atmospheric pressure means a lower boiling point.
The surface temperature will also drop, without the atmosphere to help warm the planet, causing any remaining water to freeze quickly. But it’s not all bad news. Organisms in the deep ocean, like chemically synthesized bacteria that don’t need oxygen, may survive. These bacteria may endure long trips to space and live to tell the tale.
3. Cloudy with a chance of side rain
If gravity gravitates toward the center of the planetary disk, which in this case is the North Pole, then precipitation will also gravitate toward that spot. This is because precipitation falls on the ground due to gravity, and thus will fall towards the point of the strongest gravitational force.
And only at the center of the disk will weather behave as we know it on Earth now, falling straight down.
And the farther you traveled, the more horizontal the rain. Water in rivers and seas will also flow toward the North Pole, which means vast swollen oceans will gather at the center of the planet, leaving virtually no water at the edges, according to Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
4. We will all be lost
Satellites likely wouldn’t exist if the Earth was flat, as they would have trouble orbiting a flat plane.
“It’s hard to imagine a world without GPS,” James Davis, a geophysicist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, said in a statement. Humans are horizontal rain to point us in the right direction, north.”
5. Some trips may last forever
Longer travel times can be expected, not only because there are no problems with GPS navigation, but also because of the distances we may need to travel. According to flat-Earth belief, the North Pole is at the center of the planet and Antarctica forms a giant ice wall around the edge, which adequately prevents people from falling off the face of the Earth. But if you are unable to fly around the world and are instead forced to fly across it, your travel times will increase dramatically. For example, to travel from Australia (which is one side of the Flat Earth map) to McMurdo Station in Antarctica (on the other side of the Flat Earth map), you’ll need to fly across the entire North Pole, as well as North and South America. And you can forget about trips across Antarctica (although this has been achieved many times on a spherical Earth), because this annoying wall of ice will prevent such travel.