Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that has antioxidant properties. It is found naturally in many fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and oils such as wheat germ oil, almonds, avocado, sunflower seeds, salmon, mango, kiwi, spinach and capsicum.
According to what was published by the Boldsky website, which is concerned with health affairs, consuming these foods helps maintain adequate levels of vitamin E in the body and prevent its deficiency, which can occur due to irregular absorption of dietary fats, metabolic problems, or due to some medications that The absorption of vitamin E from the body is impaired, especially since it is soluble in fat, which is the property that helps it to be stored within the fatty tissues of humans, and therefore it does not need to be consumed daily.
Although vitamin E is required in small amounts, it is essential for the body to maintain and regulate many of the body’s functions. Some of the benefits of vitamin E in the body include:
• Effective as an antioxidant
• Reduces the chances of developing Alzheimer’s disease
• Enhances kidney function وظائف
• Prevents the risk of heart disease
• Helps prevent premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
• Maintains cognitive functions and prevents nerve damage.
• Promotes good vision
• Strengthens the muscles.
• Improves fertility in men
• Good for skin and hair.
• Improves liver function.
Causes of Vitamin E deficiency
1. Medical conditions
The deficiency is caused by some medical conditions that severely reduce the absorption of fats in the body, as fats are required for the proper absorption of vitamin E. Some of these medical conditions include:
Chronic biliary liver disease
• Crohn’s disease
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
• Cystic fibrosis patients
Chronic kidney disease أمراض
Hereditary hemolytic anemia
2. Genetic causes
Some severe vitamin E deficiencies in humans are caused by genetic defects in the alpha-tocopherol transporter protein, the body’s vital source of vitamin E.
Some genetic defects also lead to malabsorption of fats in the body, thus causing vitamin E deficiency.
Symptoms of Vitamin E deficiency
Some of the vital signs and symptoms of a vitamin E deficiency include:
• Neurological defects such as dysfunction of the brain, nerves, spinal cord and muscles.
• Muscle pain and weakness.
• Muscle deterioration, including cardiomyopathy or weak heart muscle.
• Low birth weight.
• Difficulty moving the eyes up and down.
• Poor vision at night.
• Loss or lack of sense of vibration.
• Feeling of numbness or tingling.
Complications of Vitamin E deficiency
If vitamin E deficiency is not treated, a person can develop:
• Blindness or severe vision problems.
• Hemolytic anemia in infants
• Increased risk of bleeding.
How to diagnose vitamin E deficiency?
In most cases, vitamin E is diagnosed by physical examination, as well as the following:
• Blood tests: to detect low levels of alpha-tocopherol in the blood.
• Newborn screening: to detect early signs of cystic fibrosis associated with vitamin deficiencies in families at high risk.
The basic treatment for vitamin E deficiency includes taking vitamin E supplements after consulting a medical expert, as well as eating foods rich in vitamin E, noting that newborns or premature babies can develop anemia as a result of vitamin E deficiency, and for this reason they are treated with nutritional supplements by Oral or intravenous route.
Daily doses according to age
The recommended daily intake of alpha-tocopherol through supplements for people of different age groups is as follows:
0 to 6 months of age: 3 mg
6 to 12 months of age: 4 mg
1 to 3 years of age: 6 mg
4 to 10 years of age: 7 mg
Adults and elderly patients: 10 mg
The recommended daily intake for vitamin E for healthy adults is 15 mg/day.
Warning and food choices
Experts warn against taking E supplements without consulting a doctor, with the need not to take the vitamin for those taking anticoagulant drugs.
Experts recommend eating items rich in vitamin E such as sunflower oil, soybean oil, hazelnuts, peanuts, spinach, collard greens, mango, broccoli and almonds.