The head of the Interim Government of National Unity, Abdel Hamid al-Dabaiba, confirmed that the government, with international support, succeeded in bringing Libya to a “relatively stable” political path, considering that “the survival of mercenaries and foreign fighters” is one of the “most important obstacles” to stability in the country. He pointed out that the unity government was able to unify most of the institutions, and thanked the UN mission for the financial review of the Central Bank of Libya. Dabaiba considered that “the continued presence of foreign fighters and mercenaries” would threaten the political track, and demanded the world’s support to unify the military institution and reform the security sector. He said that holding the general elections on time, scheduled for December 24, 2021, is a “national and historic choice.” He also reviewed his government’s efforts to support the holding of elections, such as forming a committee to support elections, and allocating funds to the High Electoral Commission.
Warnings of a return to violence
For his part, the UN envoy, head of the support mission to Libya, Jan Kubis, stressed the importance of holding free and fair presidential and parliamentary elections on time, to avoid the country’s return to the cycle of violence. Kubis said that he confirmed this during his meetings with a wide range of parties, pointing to the response of all his interlocutors to this demand. He added, “But I am afraid that many are not ready to act in succession,” stressing the importance of holding the elections on time to avoid “the country falling again into conflict, violence and chaos.” He said: I call on the members of the Dialogue Forum to put their differences aside, and to adopt a constitutional basis for holding the elections on time.
Kubis pointed out that there are “some saboteurs who are obstructing the stability of Libya,” warning that if the obstruction continues over the legal basis for the elections, we will not see positive momentum for months. Kubis stated that the Presidential Council and the government did not agree on the position of the Minister of Defense, which hinders the unification of the military institution, indicating that the continued presence of mercenaries threatens the ceasefire agreement in Libya.
France threatens obstructionists
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian vowed to punish any party that obstructs the political process in Libya, noting that “there are real threats looming on the horizon in Libya, and we are working to end them.” Le Drian said: “Some still oppose the timetable for the road map in Libya and the holding of elections, which we must not retreat from on December 24, and work to overcome the challenges facing the Libyan people.” Le Drian also called for setting a “timetable” for the withdrawal of foreign forces deployed in Libya, which could begin with an assessment of the exit of Syrian fighters.
The British delegate confirmed her country’s welcome to the progress made in Libya, which was achieved last year through the “Berlin process”, noting that there are “additional efforts waiting for us before the completion of the transformation process in Libya.” In her speech before the Security Council today, the British delegate referred to “urgent steps” that must be addressed in Libya, explaining that “the time has come for urgent elections in December of this year, with the integrated and meaningful participation of women.” The British diplomat urged the Libyan authorities to support the work of the UN mission to lay the constitutional basis for the elections and to ensure that they are held on the specified date, stressing that the House of Representatives and the Political Dialogue Forum “bear a special responsibility” in this regard.
The US Ambassador to the United Nations, Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield, said that a political solution in Libya is also possible and necessary, and that commitment to the election date must be ensured. “Libyans must lead the electoral process in their country without foreign interference,” she added during her speech at the Security Council.
University and steps to the rescue
For his part, the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, considered that the “momentum accompanying the political process” in Libya “must continue,” explaining that the electoral process is “a watershed point in the path to saving Libya and keeping it united and stable.” Aboul Gheit stressed that removing foreign forces from Libya “without delay” is an “urgent necessity”, explaining that “slowness and delay” in this regard will have “serious repercussions” on the Libyan political track.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas also stressed the withdrawal of foreign fighters from Libya, pointing to the need for the exit of mercenaries hired by various parties in the Libyan conflict. Pointing out that if this step is started, the regular forces in Libya will have to leave the country little by little.
Norway’s delegate to the United Nations said that her country is “preoccupied with the deadlock in the political track in Libya, which may threaten the progress achieved last year,” stressing Oslo’s support for holding the general elections in Libya on their scheduled date at the end of this year. The Norwegian delegate stressed the need for the concerned parties in Libya to accomplish the required dues and reach consensus on the constitutional basis necessary for holding elections “in early August” so that the democratic elections can be organized on time so that Libya can move forward, indicating that “this means that the participation of women must be ensured. ». The delegate of Norway stressed the need to “fully implement the ceasefire agreement”, for foreign forces and mercenaries to leave the country, implement the Security Council resolution on the ceasefire monitoring mission as soon as possible, and work to ensure the complete disarmament, demobilization and integration process of militias and armed groups.
Italian parliament refuses to stop supporting the Libyan Coast Guard
The Italian House of Representatives approved the majority’s proposal to extend the work of military missions abroad. It also rejected, in an independent vote, a proposal to stop support for the Libyan Coast Guard, presented by about thirty deputies.
Representatives belonging to the various parliamentary blocs, including Pier Luigi Bersani, Laura Boldrini, Stefano Fasina, Matteo Orvini, and others had indicated before the voting process that the continuation of direct and indirect support for the return of migrant men, women and children to detention centers in Libya and the pretending that there was no such reality It constitutes a violation of international conventions to protect human rights.
“That is why we will vote today against refinancing the bilateral mission to support the Libyan Coast Guard, convinced that it is our duty to oppose such a serious human rights abuse occurring within a few nautical miles from our coast,” they explained.
The deputies pointed out that the systematic violations of human rights against migrants and refugees in Libya were the subject of numerous reports by the United Nations, major humanitarian organizations, and numerous press investigations, pointing to the need to develop a European plan to evacuate migrants from Libyan detention centers and open stable humanitarian corridors to allow those in Libya to escape from their homes. That hell.