With the days of Hajj approaching, a number of social media activists recalled scenes of ancient pilgrims in Makkah and the holy sites during their performance of rituals, pointing to the qualitative leaps made by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the service of pilgrims over the past decades.
The pioneers published pictures of the pilgrims while they were in Mina to spend the day of Tarwiyah and the days of Tashreeq, and other pictures of them performing the ritual rituals of the throat and throwing the pebbles, as well as their standing at Arafat, and their ancient ways of transportation.
The pictures revealed the great hardship that the pilgrim suffered in years past, according to what historical references have documented, that the pilgrimage journey in the past was arduous and fraught with dangers.
The circulated pictures also included the means of transportation of camels, and what the pilgrims were doing at the time of setting up tents and cooking food in the holy sites by popular methods.
The pilgrims would walk for several days from their areas to the holy sites, facing the blazing sun, and they might face heavy rain, storms and torrential torrents.
In turn, Ahmed Halabi, a specialist in Hajj and Umrah services, explained, in a statement to Al Arabiya.net, that the Hajj journey, before the establishment of Saudi Arabia at the hands of the founder King Abdulaziz, was fraught with dangers, as the pilgrims faced many difficulties, especially from the road sector, so they were walking. Groups and cross the valleys, deserts and rough roads on camels for days, nights and months to reach Makkah Al-Mukarramah.
He added that this situation prompted the people of the past to invent sayings that fit the mother of the journey, so they said at the time a popular proverb that always repeats nowadays, “The one who goes to Hajj is missing and the return from him is born,” a phrase that was repeated every year with the pilgrim leaving his country. Not only because he performed the rituals, but also because he came back safe and unharmed.
He also explained that over hundreds of years, caravans flowed on camels, and pilgrims crossed the mountains on foot, carrying their belongings, eating and drinking on animals, and carrying their luggage, donkeys and camels, as this was the only means of transportation in the past.
Regarding the transportation of pilgrims, Al-Halabi stated that the process of transporting pilgrims relied on primitive means of transportation such as camels, starting from Jeddah to Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Madinah and the holy sites “Arafat – Muzdalifah – Mina”, and it was carried out by camels, and the camel had a body called “the directors’ board.” , is responsible for bringing camels and camels, and followed by another group known as “Al-Muqawwain”, who estimate the camel’s load.
As for the land routes used by the caravans of pilgrims, they were called the paths, which are the Lady Zubaydah trail, the Egyptian Hajj trail, and the Shami Hajj trail (Damascus / Medina).