The Olympic Games did not appear in 1940 and 1944, due to World War II, but returned again in 1948, so what happened?
From the beginning of the Games until their return after World War II, the organization was limited to Europe and America only, but this time it moved to Asia, where Australia organized the 1956 version to Australia, and Japan organized the 1964 version before the Soviet Union organized the 1980 version.
1948 London Olympics: Back After the War
The Olympics resumed its activities in 1948 in London, at which time Germany and Japan were denied participation, after losing the war, and the former Soviet Union remained absent, while the rest of the communist countries participated.
Dutch housewife Fanny Blankers grabbed the spotlight from everyone by winning four gold medals in the 100 meters, 200 meters, 80 meters hurdles and 4 x 100 meters relay, to be the first player to win 4 golds in one Olympic Games.
Helsinki Olympics 1952: Germany returns
The late famous Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi was the last torchbearer of the 1952 Helsinki Olympics.
His successor, the Czech “locomotive”, Emil Zapotek, won 3 gold medals, in the 5,000 meters and 10 thousand meters races, and in the marathon. The family success was completed by his wife, Dana, winning the gold medal in the javelin throwing competition.
The Helsinki Olympics witnessed the return of Germany to participate in the Olympic Games, and the former Soviet Union participated in that session, to be its first in Olympic history, as it coincided with the beginning of the Cold War.
1956 Melbourne Olympics: Political Boycotts
Few remember that political boycotts marred the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, as Egypt, Iraq and Lebanon decided not to participate in that tournament because of Israel’s participation in the tripartite aggression on Suez.
The Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland also refused to participate in that tournament in protest of the Soviet invasion of Hungary.
1960 Rome Olympics: The Beginning of Muhammad Ali’s Career
With the first truly televised broadcast of any Olympic Games, it was fitting that the 1960 Rome Olympics marked the beginning of one of the most successful and legendary sports careers, with the legendary boxer Muhammad Ali winning the gold medal in the light heavyweight competition in that session.
The session was also the last for South Africa before being suspended from participating in the Olympics, which lasted until 1992 due to the apartheid policy pursued by the South African government.
1964 Tokyo Olympics: Germany splits
The Japanese delighted their guests at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics with their modern facilities and superb organization, but the hosts received a real shock when Dutchman Anton Jesink won the gold medal in the most important judo weights.
Soviet gymnast Larisa Latynina lost the gold medal in the individual general to the Czech Vera Kaslavska, but she (Larisa) won 6 other medals to raise her balance in the Olympic Games to 9 gold, 5 silver and 4 bronze, to remain so far the largest holder of various medals in the history of the tournaments. Olympic women’s level.
This session also witnessed the end of the German participation in a unified mission from the two Germans, as the International Olympic Committee agreed to the participation of communist East Germany in an independent mission starting from the 1968 Olympics.
Mexico 1968 Olympics: Record Breaking
The high altitude of the Mexican capital, Mexico City, above sea level had a significant impact on achieving many world records in athletics and athletics competitions, especially the record set by Bob Beamon in the long jump competition, where he recorded 90.8 meters, to remain the world record until 1991.
Britain’s David Hemy also broke the world record for the 400-meter hurdles by about a second, and the US team set a new world record in the 4 x 400-meter relay.
Munich Olympics 1972: The cycle of blood
The German city of Munich showed through the 1972 Olympics that Germany had become a democratic country, but the efforts of this city sank in a basin of blood, when 11 of the players of the Israeli delegation participating in that tournament were killed, an event that always casts a shadow over all Olympic Games.
Avery Brundage, then president of the International Olympic Committee, insisted that the Games continue and said, “The Games must continue,” but this event cast a shadow over the following days.
Montreal Olympics 1976: African boycott
The Olympic Games, beginning with the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, witnessed intense security reinforcements, after the Munich Olympics incident.
This session witnessed the boycott of 24 African countries of the Olympic activities in protest against allowing New Zealand to participate in that session, despite the visit of a New Zealand rugby team to South Africa, which was already suspended by the International Olympic Committee.
1980 Moscow Olympics: American boycott
Spaniard Juan Antonio Samaranch, former president of the International Olympic Committee, was surprised to boycott the United States and some Western countries of the 1980 Olympics in the Russian capital, Moscow, in protest of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, while some other countries were keen to participate, including Britain, France and Spain.
This tournament was well organized and tight, in addition to the fierce competition between the Soviet Union and East Germany in many competitions and races, but the owners of the land easily decided the title in their favour.
It was no surprise to anyone that the Soviet Union led the Communist bloc to boycott the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, although that session saw the participation of some other communist countries such as Romania and China.
China received a cheerful and enthusiastic reception in its first Olympic participation, and that reception was the real gain for it in that session.
The US players made their fans happy by collecting 83 gold medals.
1988 Seoul Olympics: The End of Boycotts
The curtain came down on the Olympic boycott era, and the next Olympics were held in Seoul in 1988, but it was revealed that Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson was the biggest Olympic con man to that date, hours after he won the gold medal in the 100-meter sprint, in which he set a new world record of 79.9 a second.
Doping tests revealed that Johnson had used doping drugs, and he was expelled from the tournament and stripped of his medal and record, while American Carl Lewis won the medal.
Barcelona 1992 Olympics: The best in Olympic history
The International Olympic Committee, led by Juan Antonio Samaranch, granted the right to organize the 1992 Olympics to Barcelona, Spain.
And this session appeared like a huge sports festival, as the number of participants reached 159 countries of the International Olympic Committee, including South Africa, the new Balkan republics and a united Germany, to become that session is the best in Olympic history.
The stars of the NBA, led by Magic Johnson and Michael Jordan, left a wonderful and immortal imprint for them in the Olympic Games by winning the gold medal for the US team, making the team the most attractive to the lights in Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia.