the nature of the disease
Diabetes is a chronic disorder that occurs when the beta cells of the pancreas become damaged, and the amount of insulin secreted gradually decreases, and this process continues for many years. If this condition is accompanied by the presence of “insulin resistance”, this combination of a small amount of insulin and a low level of effectiveness leads to a deviation About the proper level of glucose “sugar” in the blood, in which case the person is defined as having diabetes (Diabetes).
How do you know that you are infected?
The blood glucose level after fasting for 8 hours should be less than 108 while the borderline level is 126 mg/dL and if a person’s blood glucose level is 126 mg/dL and above on two or more tests, then that person is diagnosed with diabetes.
food .. Eating food in a random manner and without distinguishing between healthy and harmful exposes the person in general to risks. As for the diabetic patient, the risks are greater because there are foods that help to gain weight and accumulate fat in the body, and therefore it is difficult for him to control the blood sugar level and here complications of the disease occur.
Complication form شكل
They are divided into complications related to microvascular damage and include retinopathy, which can lead to blindness, nephropathy, which can lead to kidney failure, and neuropathy; This leads to impotence and diabetic foot disorders. Other complications are related to damage to the large blood vessels and include cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, strokes and insufficient blood flow to the legs.
Food that contains fat, high calories and cholesterol increases your exposure to complications of diabetes and even exposes you to obesity and some other health diseases, and therefore diabetics have to follow a balanced diet by eating food that contains a large proportion of fiber as well as low-fat food.
obesity And it is considered the most important and most important risk factor for disease. According to studies, there are about (80-90%) of diabetic patients who suffer from overweight, and this increase may result from wrong eating habits such as eating high-fat and starchy foods or not exercising regularly, even if It was a daily walk in the house for minutes.
Eating healthy foods helps to maintain blood sugar levels within the normal range. According to doctors, healthy foods are an essential part of controlling diabetes, so a diabetic should be attentive to the foods he eats, the medications he uses, and exercise as much as possible.
High blood sugar treatment
You should contact the attending physician in case of high blood sugar in order to advise him regarding increasing the dose of insulin according to the percentage of high blood sugar and according to the appearance of ketones in the urine.
and ketones They are chemicals secreted by the liver in the human body and are secreted as an alternative source of energy production. When the amount of insulin needed to convert glucose into energy in the body is lacking, the liver converts fats into ketones that are used by the various cells and tissues of the body to supply energy.
Corona prevention tips
In light of the spread of the new Corona virus, the Ministry of Health and Population provided advice to diabetics to protect them from infection with the virus, which were represented in the following points:
1.. Constant communication with family, relatives and the specialized doctor, especially if the diabetic lives alone.
2.. Sit in the sun daily for 20 to 30 minutes to get vitamin D.
3.. Eating healthy food based on non-starchy vegetables, fruits and proteins, and avoiding starches and sugars.
4.. Practicing walking at home or moving the joints of the body while sitting.
5.. Wash hands frequently with soap and water or disinfect them with alcohol.
6.. Maintain an excess of diabetes treatment, especially insulin.
7.. Avoid touching the mouth, nose or eyes with unclean hands.
8.. Wear a mask, especially in crowded places.
9.. Clean and disinfect surfaces and bags after buying food.
10.. Maintain good sleep.