date of publication:
Jun 10 2021 17:35 GMT
Update date: June 10, 2021 18:00 GMT
Today, Thursday, the European Space Agency chose the “Envision” probe for use in the exploration of Venus in the early 2030s, to understand the reasons for the transformation of the planet closest to Earth into an inferno.
This announcement comes a week after the US space agency (NASA) announced two missions to Venus called “Da Vinci” and “Veritas” between 2028 and 2030.
The agency stated that the “Envision” probe, which was in competition with another mission called “Tezius”, was recently selected by the European Space Agency’s Scientific Program Committee thanks to the “revolutionary” technology adopted in it.
The European Agency, which includes 22 member countries, indicated in a statement that the total budget for the mission is 610 million euros.
The probe will transmit a European instrument series that provides “a panoramic view of the planet and its inner nuclei in the upper atmosphere, to determine how and why Venus and Earth evolved in this different way.”
The Envision probe will not launch before 2031 at the earliest, with a possible launch in 2032 and 2033, and after takeoff, the probe will need about 15 months to reach its destination and an additional 16 months to stand in its orbit at an altitude of 220 km to 540 above Venus.
The spectrometers placed in the probe will monitor the gases in the atmosphere and will analyze the composition of the surface “in search of any change associated with indicators of active volcanic activity,” and a radar provided by “NASA” will send images and maps of the surface.
It will allow the instrument to probe the inner surface of the planet and its gravitational field.
The European Space Agency’s previous mission, Venus Express (2005-2014), focused mainly on atmospheric research.