Saudi Arabia and the UAE are reaching out to Iran to contain tension and revive the nuclear deal, and are pressing for future talks to take their security concerns into account.
According to the agency, Gulf officials exerted pressure to join the Vienna talks, but this demand was rejected.
The agency quoted two well-informed sources as saying that instead of waiting for the outcome of the Vienna talks, Riyadh accepted Iraqi initiatives, in April, to host talks between Saudi and Iranian officials.
A third regional source told Reuters that the UAE is in constant contact with Iran in an attempt to calm down, especially since oil tankers were attacked off its coast in 2019, explaining that the priority now for the Gulf countries is to focus on their economies after “Covid-19.” But security guarantees are an important part of this recovery.
“Any deal is better than no deal, but how do you convince the world, and investors, that this is a real deal that can stand the test of time,” the source added.
This is why world powers are negotiating in Vienna with Iran and the United States to revive the 2015 agreement, in which Tehran agreed to curb its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions, and then US President Donald Trump retracted it in 2018.