11 hours ago
London – “Al Quds Al Arabi”: The US space agency, NASA, announced that it plans to send two exploratory missions to Venus between 2028 and 2030.
This will be the first time that NASA has sent dedicated missions to the cloudy planet in more than 30 years.
Among the four proposals, the agency chose two missions, “Da Vinci” and “Veritas.”
The mission “Da Vinci” was designed to learn about the composition of the planet’s thick atmosphere, with the aim of assessing how it has changed over time, and whether it hosted oceans at one of its stages of development.
The spacecraft will drop a probe into the planet’s atmosphere, to collect data on the causes of global warming.
On the other hand, Veritas is expected to use a special type of radar imaging device to look through the planet’s clouds and map the surface of Venus to ascertain whether it has plate tectonics activity, or contains any volcanoes.
According to NASA, the two missions aim to “understand how Venus became a high-temperature planet, while it has many other characteristics similar to our planet.”
“We are advancing our planetary science program through extensive exploration of a planet that NASA has not visited in more than 30 years,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for science at NASA.
He added that the use of technologies “developed by NASA and refined over many years of technological missions and programs opens a new decade for understanding Venus, and how an Earth-like planet can become a greenhouse.”
“It’s not just about understanding the evolution and habitability of planets in our solar system, but extending beyond these limits, to exoplanets, which is an exciting and emerging area of research for NASA,” Zurbuchen explained.
“It is amazing how little we know about Venus,” said Tom Wagner, a scientist at NASA’s “Discovery” program, and added: “But the combined results of these two missions will tell us about Venus from clouds in its sky, volcanoes on its surface, right up to its core.” It would be as if we rediscovered the planet.”