celebrated NASA On the 100th day of Perseverance on MarsTuesday, June 1, since the rover with its huge wheels smashed into the dirt landscape for the red planet On February 18, since then, Perseverance has achieved a number of milestones that could not only help NASA find potential life, but also pave the way for humans to walk on Mars one day..
According to RT, these achievements include recording sounds on the surface of Mars, making oxygen using carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and sending more than 75,000 images to the world of the Red Planet..
The spacecraft also helped the US space agency launch the first fully-controlled unmanned aircraft. Ingenuity (Ingenuity), in another world, she is currently on a mission to explore the crater The lake, to find signs of ancient microbial life.
Perseverance embarked on its 239 million-mile journey to Mars on July 30, 2020 from the . facility Space Coast in Florida.
And NASA held a live briefing statement on February 18, as the world waited to see if the rover and helicopter had passed “seven minutes of terror.”“.
This term is used to describe the turbulent conditions that struck the craft as it entered the Martian atmosphere and approached the surface.
“Confirmation! Perseverance has landed safely on Mars, ready to start looking for signs of past life,” air controller Swati Mohan announced to his colleagues at the time.“.
Although landing on Mars was the rover’s first achievement, it was only the beginning of its mission.
And soon it got its start by testing its powerful equipment, including lasers connected to an instrument SuperCam and the microphone.
Perseverance captured the frightening sound of a Martian breeze just two days after landing, and about one month later, the world heard it shoot the first lasers at rocks on the Red Planet..
This technology, located on the mast, fires pulses capable of vaporizing rocks from up to 20 feet away – a key component of a hole investigation. The lake In search of signs of ancient life.
Perseverance searched an area 10 feet away, fired its laser, and the ground team was able to analyze the composition of the target, which turned out to be mostly volcanic rocks..
During this time, the rover was shielding the Ingenuity helicopter in its hull, waiting for the right place to launch the helicopter to begin its special mission..
Shortly after providing the world with sounds from Mars, Perseverance gave us our first look at Ingenuity when it shot down a helicopter on April 4 before its maiden flight..
In the early hours of April 18, the Ingenuity became the first helicopter to complete a fully-controlled flight on another planet, and since then has flown six times..
The rover captured footage of each flight, providing NASA with a range of data and the ability to better understand the thin atmosphere of Mars.
On April 20, the US space agency proudly announced the rover’s use of MOXIE, a small gold box-shaped device that uses electrolysis technology to generate oxygen, which produced 5.4 grams of oxygen in one hour by drawing carbon dioxide and converting it into the life-giving chemical during its first test on the red planet.
This version is capable of producing up to 12 grams of oxygen per hour, or about 288 grams per day. Astronauts on the International Space Station consume an average of 840 grams of oxygen per day.
One of the rover’s latest achievements is the use of its robotic arm to start scientific experiments.
On May 11, NASA announced that Perseverance had begun a ground study The lake, which is said to have been a lake about three billion years ago.
I picked up a camera called WATSON At the end of the rover’s robotic arm, detailed footage of the rocks, with additional data coming from a pair of cameras.
Using its array of cameras, Perseverance took pictures of the rocks on the floor of the crater, which was once a lake bed billions of years ago..
The insights scientists are discovering will help create a timeline of when an ancient lake formed there, when it dried up, and when sediment began accumulating in the delta that formed in the crater long ago..
Understanding this timeline should help date rock samples – which will be collected later in the mission – that may preserve the record of ancient microbes..
Astrobiology is one of the main goals of the Perseverance mission to Mars, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life..
The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, and pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and will be the first mission to collect Martian rocks and regolith (broken rocks and dust) and store them in a cache..
Subsequent NASA missions will be conducted in cooperation with the European Space Agency (THAT)By sending spacecraft to Mars to collect these sealed samples from the surface, and return them to Earth for deep analysis.