Wednesday 09 June 2021
Dr. Dima Quraini said that women’s risk of cardiovascular disease, which used to be a common problem among postmenopausal women (between the ages of 45 to 55 years), is now rising in younger patients, largely because of the following: Unhealthy lifestyle.
The consultant cardiologist at the Heart and Vascular Institute at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi added that the main risk factors for heart disease are diabetes, high blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking, being overweight, and a family history of heart problems.
Dr. Quraini added, “It was previously believed that women were protected from heart disease in the pre-menopausal period due to the beneficial effects of estrogen on arteries and cholesterol.”
And she continued, “When estrogen is depleted in postmenopausal, this can lead to dysfunction of the lining of the blood vessels, and thus the arteries can become blocked. Women often have the classic heart attacks caused by the formation of plaques and ruptured arteries after menopause, However, in our hospital we are also seeing an increase in risk factors and heart disease in premenopausal women, which reflects a trend in the prevalence of these attacks among women globally.”
Dr. Quraini added, “Permenopausal women are now at risk of heart disease, due to the higher incidence of diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, and complicated pregnancies that are common among this group. They are also at risk of heart attacks due to less common diseases such as rupture of coronary arteries or due to spontaneous coronary artery dissection.
Dr. Quraini noted that many women are still unaware of these risk factors, which is why it takes longer for women to diagnose heart disease, compared to men. Women who suffer a heart attack are more likely to die than men.
To prevent cardiovascular disease, Dr. Quraini advises women to reduce their intake of industrially processed foods, while following the diet common among the peoples of the Mediterranean, which is rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, grains, fish and unsaturated fats, such as olive oil.
At the same time, women should avoid diets, which are promoted from time to time; Because it does more harm than good. Because they are unsustainable diets and may limit the body’s use of key nutrients. This can cause a severe lack of energy, muscle weakness, and other deficiencies. Also, following the ‘yo-yo’ diet may lead to poor results that affect the heart and blood vessels.
It is also important to maintain 150 minutes of moderate to intense physical activity per week, as well as to stop smoking.