The leaders of the Group of Seven major industrialized countries, Friday, began their three-day summit in Cornwall in Britain, and on its agenda are climate priorities, confronting the epidemic, and equitable distribution of vaccines.
The assembled presidents intend to affirm their unity in the face of global crises and focus on distributing one billion doses of vaccine against COVID-19.
At the opening of the summit, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson urged leaders to “build back better”.
He said that it is necessary to learn from the mistakes of the 2008 economic crisis, and to heal the wounds of the past.
The leaders exchanged greetings at the facility due to the pandemic restrictions and maintained social distancing during a group photo shoot on the beach of the English resort of Carbs Bay.
This first personal meeting in nearly two years between the leaders of major countries allows the return of business meetings to move forward in a time of crisis.
eradication of the pandemic
At the beginning of the summit’s work, Britain announced that it would donate four hundred and thirty million pounds (about 600 million dollars) to the “Global Partnership for Education”, which aims to help children in the worst conditions.
Johnson said it was necessary to rebuild the global economy on the basis of “more equality and less gender discrimination”, and pledged to donate 100 million pounds to buy vaccines for poor countries.
But some charitable organizations have criticized the level of British aid, which will not exceed five million doses of the vaccine by September, and will not exceed 25 million by the end of the year.
The official program focuses above all on reviving the global economy affected by the epidemic and on a more equitable distribution of vaccines, of which rich countries have monopolized the largest number of doses at the expense of the rest.
With the multiplication of calls for solidarity in this regard, it is expected that the leaders of countries will agree to provide “at least one billion doses” and increase production capacities with a goal based on “eliminating the pandemic in 2022,” according to the British Prime Minister.
The United States has promised to provide half a billion doses of Covid vaccines.
America gathers its allies
US President Joe Biden considered that the summit reflects the “return” of the United States to the international arena after years of isolation under his predecessor, Donald Trump.
The US president seeks to form a united front among his country’s partners against Russia and China, which have criticized the US desire to form “blocs”.
“I look forward to strengthening our commitment to multilateralism and working with our allies and partners to build a more just and inclusive global economy. Let’s get to work,” Biden tweeted.
A source in the French presidency told AFP that “the European orientation in this regard is clear: China is a rival, a partner in global issues, a competitor. The Europeans intend to continue implementing this joint strategy and will have the opportunity to discuss it with President Biden at the G7 summit.”
While Brussels and London agree on major international issues such as the challenges posed by China and Russia, which will be presented during the G7 summit, tension still exists over Northern Ireland.
A “greener” world
Fighting climate change will be another priority at the summit, which seeks to achieve carbon neutrality, before the main United Nations climate conference (COP26) scheduled for November in Scotland.
Boris Johnson aspires to a “green industrial revolution” with the goal of cutting half of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
To preserve biodiversity, he wants the G7 to pledge to protect “at least 30 percent” of land and oceans by that date.
It is expected that the Group of Seven will encourage investments in green infrastructure in developing countries to stimulate their economy and make it de-carbon.
Is the G7 summit making a real difference?
Cornwall – Hanan Abdel Razek
BBC News Arabic
Usually the coverage of similar summits is filled with pictures of the leaders, their statements and their bilateral meetings here and there, and once the summit ends, everyone returns to his life and we do not feel much difference.
However, there is a sense of the importance of this summit, which is being held in the British province of Cornwall, for several reasons:
- Corona vaccine is a basic file : The seven major industrialized countries, which own 40 percent of the global GDP, have made pledges to donate one billion doses of the Corona vaccine. Joe Biden, the US president who is participating for the first time in a foreign trip since taking office, will announce Washington’s intention to donate 500 million doses of the Corona vaccine, while Britain will announce a donation of 100 million doses distributed during the current and next year, in addition to providing 500 million doses of the vaccine. Oxford AstraZeneca at cost for middle and low income countries.
- The relationship between the European Union and BritainBiden urged London to abide by the Northern Ireland Protocol, which stipulates that the territory is subject to some European Union laws to avoid a border between it and the Republic of Ireland. This, in turn, means imposing some measures on products coming from the rest of the UK. Biden and Johnson met yesterday, and Johnson denied that Biden had used cautionary language but said all sides were committed to Ireland’s Good Friday Agreement.
- Taxing tech giants: The group’s finance ministers agreed in principle to impose a 15 percent tax on multinational companies and technology giants such as Facebook, Amazon and Google, with the final agreement to be completed during the G20 summit next month in Italy.
- Climate change is not a by-product: Coronwall has been chosen, for the summit, as one of the most prominent places working in the field of clean energy and there is hope to reach zero carbon emissions by 2030. This is a message about taking the issue of climate seriously, although it is not a message enough for the demonstrators who have come out over the past days to appeal More measures to reduce carbon emissions.