Black fungus (formerly known as mycosis fungoides) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of (molds) called mucous fungi. These (mold) fungi live throughout the environment. Black fungus mainly affects people who have health problems or take medications that reduce the body’s ability to fight germs and diseases. It most commonly affects the sinuses or lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air. It can also occur on the skin after a cut, burn, or other type of injury skin injuries.
People become infected with black fungus by coming into contact with fungal spores in the environment. For example, a lung or sinus infection can occur after spores are inhaled. These forms of black fungus usually occur in people who have health problems or are taking medications that reduce the body’s ability to fight off germs and disease. Mucositis (black fungus disease) can also develop on the skin after the fungus enters the skin through a cut, scrape, burn, or other type of infection. skin problems.
We will now mention to you the types of black fungus disease, to inform you of what it is:
Mycosis of the nasal mucosa – black fungus disease (sinus and brain): It is a sinus infection that can spread to the brain. This type of mucosal mycosis is most common in people with uncontrolled diabetes and in people who have had surgery kidney transplant.
Pulmonary mucosal mycosis: It is the most common type of mucosal mycosis in people with cancer and in people who have had an organ or stem cell transplant.
Mycosis of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract: It is more common in young children than in adults, especially premature and low-birth-weight babies less than one month old, who have had antibiotics, surgery or medications that reduce the body’s ability to fight germs and disease.
Dermatophytes: It occurs after a fungus enters the body through an incision in the skin (for example, after surgery, a burn, or any other type of skin headache).
Black fungus, the same as mucosal mycosis, occurs when an infection spreads through the bloodstream to affect another part of the body. The infection most commonly affects the brain, but it may also affect other organs such as the spleen, heart, and skin.
Black fungus lives in the environment, a group fungi It causes black fungus and is found throughout the environment, particularly in soil and in combination with decaying organic matter, such as leaves, compost piles, and animal manure.
It is more common in the soil than in the air, and in summer and fall than in winter or spring.
Most people come into contact with microscopic fungal spores every day, so it may be impossible to avoid contact with mucous fungi (black fungus) completely.
This fungus is not harmful to most people. However, for people with weakened immune systems, inhaling mucosal spores can cause infections in the lungs or sinuses that can spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of black fungus depend on where the fungus grows in the body. You should contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms that you think may be related to black fungus. Symptoms of black fungus (brain and sinus) include:
- One-sided swelling of the face.
- Nasal or sinus congestion.
- Black lesions (severe damage) on the nose or upper part of the mouth that quickly become more severe.
- Fever – high temperature.
Symptoms of black fungus (pulmonary) include:
- Fever – intense heat.
- Shortness of breath.
Symptoms of black fungus (enteric) include:
- Tummy ache.
- Vomiting and vomiting.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding.
Black fungus usually affects people who already have other medical conditions, so it can be difficult to know what symptoms are associated with black fungus. Patients with infection spread to the brain can experience altered mental status or even coma. 
The high incidence of mucosal mycosis in India is due to a combination of factors. For example, more than 30 million people in India have diabetes. Despite this, the number of Mycobacterium infections before the Corona pandemic was relatively low, despite the high prevalence rate.
since the beginning Corona Virus, there was a significant increase. Dr. Arvinder Singh Soen, a leading surgeon in Delhi, notes that he has “seen more cases of black fungus in the past week than we have normally treated in two years”.
Corona virus leads to a weakened immune system, which prevents the body from effectively protecting against infection. As a result, individuals who recover from the coronavirus are at risk of contracting the black fungus disease.
The virus, as part of its reproduction cycle, suppresses the immune system, so the immune system cannot get rid of other bacteria or fungi. The most famous example is HIV, which causes long-term immunosuppression. However, other viruses do this on a much shorter time scale – that is, the immune system is only slightly suppressed for a few days or weeks while the virus is present.
In addition, oxygen support for people with severe COVID-19 can cause the nasal cavity to dry out and increase the risk of infection.
Maharashtra has reported more than 2,000 cases of black fungus recently, 8 of which resulted in death. The state’s health minister, Rajesh Tope, has announced that they will set up special wards and launch an awareness campaign to spread awareness about the disease. 
Outbreaks of fungal diseases are rare. An outbreak of black fungus occurs when two or more people get sick from contact with the same source, sometimes at the same time or place. This can happen outdoors or in a healthcare setting, such as a hospital.
Here is how black fungus is transmitted:
direct connection: For example, the fungi causing ringworm, placed in a group of fungi called dermatophytes, spread when people come into contact with the skin of an infected/contaminated person, animal, object, or even soil.
Inhalation: For example, black fungus is a disease caused by a dimorphic fungus, resulting from the inhalation of spores of this fungus from the environment. Inhaling some fungal spores can also lead to what is sometimes called a mold allergy.
There are other ways of contracting fungal diseases of one kind or another, but they are either rare or not all of them are transmissible. For example, people can get an infection yeast Like candidiasis when they take antibiotics, even without any kind of fungal transmission between another entity and themselves. 
Black fungus or mucous membrane fungus is a rare fungal infection, recently seen in severe coronavirus patients. Experts suggest that patients with weak immunity or diabetics are more likely to get black fungus. However, compared to adults, children are less likely to develop diabetes or have weak immunity, which is why they are less susceptible to any form of black fungus disease that occurs during infection with the coronavirus disease.
However, recent reports have indicated rare cases of black fungus infection in children. The first case of black fungus was detected in a 13-year-old boy in Gujarat, a child who recovered from Corona disease. 
Black fungus is a serious illness that needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medicines, usually amphotericin B, posaconazole, or isavuconazole. These drugs are given intravenously (amphotericin B, posaconazole, isavuconazole) or orally (posaconazole, isavuconazole). Other medications, including fluconazole, voriconazole, and equicandin, do not work against the fungi that cause black fungus. Often, black fungus requires surgery to cut out the affected tissue.
Therefore, after mentioning what the black fungus is and knowing its symptoms and causes, we must always pay attention to ourselves and always be careful to follow safety procedures, and be more careful in dealing with people. We also have to take good care of our children and keep them away from the front lines of fire by always keeping them sterilized and watching over them. 
Take care, my dears.