Aden – Yasmine El Tohamy – Space weather forecasters expected that a solar storm will hit the Earth today, Wednesday, which may lead to the launch of the northern lights phenomenon; According to international media.
It turns out that a hole opened in the sun’s atmosphere, allowing a stream of solar wind to be released. Space weather experts expect that the solar wind will hit the Earth today (yesterday) and the next day (tomorrow), which may leave the aurora borealis in the upper levels of the northern hemisphere.
The particles are currently making their way across the 150 million km journey from the sun to Earth, where they are expected to arrive on May 19.
Cosmic prediction site Space Weather said: “A small stream of solar wind is expected to isolate the Earth’s magnetic field on May 19 and 20. Gaseous matter flows from a small hole in the sun’s atmosphere. Magnetic disturbances can provoke the phenomenon of aurora borealis.”
The aurora borealis, which includes the northern lights and southern lights, occur when solar particles hit the atmosphere.
As the magnetosphere is bombarded by solar winds, stunning blue lights can appear as this layer of the atmosphere deflects particles.
However, the researchers also note that the consequences of a solar storm and space weather, could extend beyond the northern or southern lights.
For the most part, Earth’s magnetic field protects humans from the barrage of radiation that comes from sunspots, but solar storms can affect satellite-based technology.
The solar wind can heat the Earth’s outer atmosphere, causing it to expand. This may affect satellites in orbit, which can lead to damage to the GPS navigation system, mobile phone signal, and satellite television such as Sky.
In addition, the increase in particles can lead to high currents in the magnetosphere, which can lead to higher-than-normal electricity in power lines, causing electrical transformers and power plants to explode and power loss.
Rarely does it happen, with the largest solar storm crippling technology in 1859, when the electricity surge during what is now known as the “Carrington event”, was so strong that telegraph systems failed across Europe.
There are also reports that some buildings have been set on fire as a result of the increased electrical current.
However, a recent study found that these solar storms should occur every 25 years on average.
Research from the University of Warwick and the British Antarctic Survey analyzed the last 14 solar cycles dating back 150 years.
The analysis showed that “extreme” magnetic storms occurred in 42 out of the past 150 years, and “great” superstorms occurred in 6 out of 150 years. If they hit Earth, the researchers said, they could destroy technology on our planet.
Lead author Professor Sandra Chapman, from the University of Warwick’s Center for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, said: “These superstorms are rare events but estimating their chances is an important part of planning for the level of mitigation needed to protect citizens. This research suggests a new way of dealing with historical data, to provide a better picture of the chance of occurrence. The occurrence of superstorms and the activity of superstorms that we are likely to see in the future.”
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