The Covid-19 epidemic is still spreading, rich countries have a monopoly on vaccines, and the source of the virus is unclear. This prompted the member states of the World Health Organization to hold a meeting next week to search for ways to avoid another disaster..
This seventy-fourth World Health Assembly, which is held virtually as happened last year from May 24 to June 1, “is without a doubt one of the most important associations in the history of the World Health Organization,” said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus..
During which many leaders, including heads of state, will speak with the opening of the discussions. The aim is: to take note of the world’s inappropriate response to the Covid-19 epidemic and to develop a plan to confront other epidemics in the future..
The big challenge is reforming the World Health Organization, which has reached its limits due to COVID-19. Several countries, especially European ones, are calling for a stronger organization capable of carrying out independent investigations and financially prepared for that.
Currently, only 16% of the budget comes from mandatory contributions from states and the rest from voluntary contributions from donors in the public and private sectors, who decide the conditions associated with them..
Dr Tedros asserted, “The past year was the most difficult in the history of our organization. But it also showed why the world more than ever needs a strong and sustainable global health organization.”“.
Also, several expert reports that will be presented during the assembly call for extensive reforms of warning and prevention systems to avoid further health failures, while several countries still lack the necessary public health capacity to protect their populations and alert the international community and the World Health Organization in a timely manner about potential health risks..
A draft resolution on strengthening the World Health Organization is still under discussion, and it aims in particular to strengthen its central role in coordinating global health crises..
The text that has not yet been published is expected to also suggest that states participate – voluntarily at first – in an assessment mechanism for the level of preparedness to confront epidemics in each country by its counterparts, as is the case in the United Nations Human Rights Council.
– Towards an agreement on epidemics? – French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian announced this week that “the establishment of a review mechanism by other countries on preparedness for health emergency situations is a view that France fully shares because it will participate in the pilot phase.”“.
He also stressed that France called for “the implementation of verification mechanisms on the ground in the event of a crisis.” It is a suggestion that may clash with sensitivities in some countries.
At the moment, the WHO cannot single-handedly investigate a country. Thus, it took several months of discussions with China for a team of independent scientists to visit the place to study the origin of Covid.19 Authorized by the Health Organization.
“It is clear that challenges exist, but it is also not certain that time will be taken to strengthen the World Health Organization,” said Swiri Moon, a global health specialist at the Institute for International Graduate and Development Studies in Geneva.“.
Others are calling for strengthening the authority of the WHO chief with one term out of seven years without the possibility of being re-elected (versus a current five-year renewable term), said Gro Harlem Brundtland, who led the World Health Organization from 1998 to me 2003In this way, no president of WHO will be in a position to come under pressure in the future“.
Several other countries also call for the meeting to be an opportunity to start negotiations on an international treaty on epidemics aimed at better confronting future crises and avoiding the selfishness that appeared with Covid-19.
Instead of triggering a wave of solidarity, it increased tensions. The disparity in vaccination campaigns is increasing, and the issue of securing medicines is supposed to be discussed also next week by members of the World Health Organization..
As with every assembly, the World Health Organization is expected to come under pressure from the United States to allow Taiwan to participate in the meeting, or at least restore the observer status that the island had until the year. 2016.
Taiwan has since been excluded from the World Health Organization under pressure from China, which considers the island an inalienable part of its territory.