The kidneys have essential functions in maintaining health, in addition to filtering the blood from waste products, the kidneys work to remove excess acids from the cells of the body, and to maintain the balance of water, salts, and minerals in the blood, thus maintaining the work of the various organs of the body, its nerves, and its muscles. The kidneys have an important role in the body’s production of blood cells, controlling blood pressure, and maintaining bone health by secreting some of the hormones necessary to achieve this.
Many people with kidney disease are not aware of their injury, because the symptoms and signs usually delay in appearing until after the condition deteriorates and reaches the last stages, and the following is an explanation of some of the most important signs that the kidney health is in danger, written by Dr. Hisham Mohamed Ali, Consultant in Clinical Nutrition, Complementary Medicine and Medicinal Plants.
1 Back pain: Caution must be exercised when feeling back pain, especially in the lower back region because it is the point where the kidneys are located, so when the kidneys are impaired, it affects the back, causing severe pain.
2 Feeling tired: The kidneys are responsible for producing a hormone called “erythropoietin”. This hormone produces red blood cells that help transport oxygen to the rest of the body, so when the kidneys are in danger and fail to perform their functions, they cause fatigue and fatigue.
Shortness of breath: When fluid and waste accumulate in the lungs, the oxygen supply to the body is affected due to failure of the kidneys, causing shortness of breath.
Swelling of hands and feet: When the kidneys are unable to filter fluid from the body, they accumulate inside it, leading to swelling not only in the feet and hands, but in other places in the body
5 Urine problems: The kidneys are unable to perform their functions properly when they are exposed to failure, so they cannot excrete the normal amount of urine, and the urine also changes to become dark, foamy or pale, and all of the above are clear signs of a problem in the kidneys.
6 Loss of appetite: People tend to lose appetite when the kidneys are unable to filter waste from the body. In addition, the patient may feel a bad taste of foods in the mouth.
Irritation and dryness of the skin: When the kidneys fail to remove waste products and fluids from the blood, it may cause many problems for the skin, including irritation, dryness and itching, and this condition is considered one of the most important signs that the kidneys are in danger and may fail.
Best foods that protect kidney health:
1- Cabbage: Cabbage is one of the foods rich in phytonutrients that destroy free radicals in the body and reduces the risk of cancer and vascular disease. Cabbage contains:
Vitamin B6 and folic acid, which keep the kidneys healthy.
2 – Sweet red pepper: Sweet red pepper is one of the most important foods beneficial to the kidneys, as it contains a small amount of potassium.
3- Garlic: Garlic reduces inflammation and prevents the accumulation of cholesterol in the body and has antioxidant and anti-thrombotic properties, which maintain the efficiency of kidney function and protect against its failure.
4- Cauliflower: Cauliflower is a vegetable friendly to the kidneys, and is a good source of vitamin C, steel and fiber. These elements help neutralize toxins in the body and protect the kidneys from exposure to fatigue or failure.
5- Onions: Onions contain “flavonoids” that prevent the breakdown of fatty substances in the body. It is also one of the foods rich in antioxidants that reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. Onions are characterized by a low percentage of potassium, which benefits the health of the kidneys.
6- Apples: Apples are one of the sources rich in fiber and anti-inflammatory materials, and it also reduces harmful cholesterol in the body, eliminates constipation, heart problems and protects against cancer, and apples are a true friend of the kidneys, so it is recommended to eat them.