Many questions have been raised several months ago about the reasons for this differentiation in injuries and deaths between countries, despite the fact that some countries that are currently suffering, such as Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic, announced a long time ago about a strict policy to reduce injuries, and some of them reached a curfew at night and legislation Excessive financial violations for violators, preventing gatherings and closing many public facilities, in addition to their availability of rapid examination structures, a digital system and health infrastructures that many southern countries do not have.
For comparison, the rate of infection with the virus in Germany during the past seven days, for example, reached 123 cases per 100,000 people, with about 7.5 thousand new infections in the last 24 hours, while the total number of new infections in all parts of Egypt reached only 778 cases, In Morocco, to 696 cases, and Saudi Arabia 792 cases, and only Iraq, which recorded more than 7 thousand new cases.
Egypt reopened its doors to tourists
According to Statica data, the number of deaths per million people in Germany is about 915, while in Egypt it is about 100. As another example, the top ten countries with the highest death rates per million inhabitants are all European countries, led by the Czech Republic with 2,4 thousand deaths. The first Arab country on this scale was Lebanon (40 globally) with 895 deaths, followed by Tunisia (44 globally) with 749 cases.
Even with regard to the total numbers of deaths, the first Arab country is Iraq, which ranked 30th in the world with 14,5 thousand cases, then Egypt is in the 35th place in the world with 12,2 thousand cases, while the United States is advancing (570 thousand), followed by Brazil (337). Alfa) and Mexico (205 thousand), according to the worldometers gate numbers.
Lack of an accurate count?
In a comprehensive article by the immunologist and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Siddhartha Mukerji points to a set of reasons that might solve what he calls the mystery of the disparity in numbers between many countries, even those that are geographically close. The first is the average age, with some aging countries appearing to be more likely to die than countries with younger societies.
The other reason is according The article itself The publication in the “The New Yorker” magazine, in which the author relied on the opinions of experts from more than one country, is the lack of accurate statistics in many countries that have reported low numbers of injuries or deaths, especially since the number of Covid-19 deaths occurs in homes and the authorities do not report them. Accurately or due to other reasons.
And in several Arab countries, experts said that the real infection numbers are much lower than the announced figures, and media outlets reported that the member of the Scientific Committee to confront Corona in Egypt, Muhammad Al-Nadi, when he stated that the total number of injuries may be ten times greater than the official declared number.
Morocco recently imposed a suspension of flights from several countries to prevent the spread of the new Corona virus
Ali Lotfi, head of the Moroccan Network for Defending the Right to Health and the Right to Life, has previously stated that the outcome announced by the local Ministry of Health does not reflect the true number of injuries. One of the biggest challenges that Morocco and other countries in the region faced is the small number of examinations compared to the population, especially with young societies whose members do not show a large proportion of the severe symptoms of the virus that require prompt treatment.
According to Mukerji’s article, the lack of accurate calculation in other areas may be due to the fact that some of the deaths are due to indirect causes of the Corona pandemic, including loss of salaries, forced migration, malnutrition, damage to health structures, and the inability of people with difficult diseases to continue their treatment. The author cites data from the World Health Organization that showed that the great confusion in health care for patients with malaria, tuberculosis and acquired immunity led to more deaths in sub-Saharan Africa than Covid-19.
There is another reason for the difference, which was mentioned by several media reports that some countries count only those who have been confirmed to have died of the virus, while other countries also count those suspected of having been exposed to the virus by asking their relatives about the previous symptoms without conducting tests to confirm. Early detection also plays a role in reducing the number of deaths, even if the injuries are very high, which was what appeared in Germany during the first wave.
Mukerji’s article details another reason that people in some regions have acquired previous immunity, as B and T cells can play a role, as is scientifically known, in combating similar diseases that have been encountered previously. The author quotes an expert that studies have shown that the percentage of antibodies in the bodies of Indians after any infection is very high and remains for a long time. An American-Italian expert also reports that all residents of an island in Italy, Isola del Giglio, escaped Corona, and it is believed that it may have been invaded by a certain respiratory infection years ago, which raises the possibility of immune memory.
There are other reasons for the spread of infection that may differ from one place to another so that its percentage in a particular place is weak thanks to the warm climate according to the previous source, and there is also the speed of some governments in responding to the virus, and the nature of shared housing, especially when the elderly live in one place , Which is a widespread phenomenon in the West.
There is also the mutated transcription factor that appeared in several countries and turned out to be more rapid in spreading, a factor that successful vaccination campaigns in Britain, for example, could not stop, as well as other reasons, including open borders between a number of countries and the ease of movement through them, as is the case with the European Union. .