Yemeni politician Dr. said. Abdul-Malik Al-Youssefi: The Kingdom’s recent initiative came at a crossroads for the crisis in his country, and is setting the most important steps to bring peace, and the price of the efforts of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman to restore the security and stability of the Yemeni people, stressing that the Houthi militia misses a great opportunity To stop the escalation and confirm its positions, its insistence on continuing to ignite the war.In an interview with Al-Youm, he praised the provisions of the “Riyadh Agreement”, stressing that it saves Yemenis from the chaos of divisions, and accused a group he did not name of penetrating state institutions to thwart the government of competencies. He also revealed the crystallization of an international position in support of the coalition to end the Houthi coup, and also touched on a number of issues. The task related to the developments of the Yemeni crisis .. So to the text of the dialogue:
How do you see the Kingdom’s recent initiative to end the Yemeni crisis?
The Saudi initiative to end the conflict and bring peace to Yemen came in a clear context, which is establishing the “argument” for the Houthi militia, which looks at the developments of events since US President Joe Biden announced in his famous speech the need to end the conflict in Yemen. The Houthis got the last chance to end the conflict, not a peace process.
The sequence of events indicates that the Houthi militia included a foreign terrorist organization in accordance with Article 219 of the US Immigration and Nationality Act, and as an international terrorist entity according to Executive Resolution 12334 related to the International Convention for Combating International Terrorism, which was a criminal decision, but the Biden administration decided to give the coup fighters an opportunity to go To end the conflict in a peace process and thus made a political decision to backtrack on a criminal decision in order to give peace a chance.
After the US administration announced that al-Houthi’s name had been removed from the terrorist lists, the leaders of the terrorist militia continued to be wanted internationally on charges of terrorism, and the revolutionaries ’response to this decision was further escalation in Marib and terrorist attacks on civilian objects in the Kingdom.
Here a context was generated for the future political course with clear features, confirming the Houthi militia’s rejection of the last chance for peace, and after more Houthi escalation and repeated terrorist attacks, there was widespread condemnation from the international community, most notably the European quartet statement from “France, Italy, Britain and Germany” and the United States joined it to establish an “argument”. Against the Houthis, after that it became clear that the militias are at a crossroads: either raising arms, stopping the war, and accepting the terms of peace; Or the continuation of the war, as the situation required silencing the voices supporting the Houthi plot and using the humanitarian file as a pretext to prolong the war, and it was necessary to put everyone before his responsibilities in light of the deterioration of the crisis, so the Saudi initiative came as an advanced step to end the conflict by setting two options that do not have three options, either. The Houthi militias go to a serious peace process that leads to an end to the conflict and the establishment of a sustainable peace in Yemen based on disengaging them from the mullahs’ regime in Iran, or for the Kingdom and the Arab coalition to go with international support to end the conflict by armed force, this is the context of the Saudi initiative, which is the best solution to the Yemeni crisis at the time. Current.
How did the Arab coalition, led by the Kingdom, contribute to stopping the violence?
The Saudi initiative revealed beyond any doubt the reality of what the Kingdom and the Arab coalition want from Yemen, which is to stop violence and fighting for the stability of the country that is part of the region’s security, and who looks at the economic data and the 2030 strategy finds the Kingdom’s desire to create stability and reduce the level of tension.
And when a military intervention by the Arab coalition countries took place in Yemen, the goal was to face a major challenge imposed by the coup militias using force as a tool of politics.
When Decisive Storm erupted on March 26, 2015, it was not a desire for war, but rather the use of force to protect the political transition in Yemen, and also to protect the legitimacy of the election of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, in addition to protecting the legitimacy of the consensus that brought about the outcomes of the national dialogue, and the legitimacy of reconciliation that It resulted in the Gulf initiative and the international legitimacy represented by the Security Council resolutions.
When the Houthi militia turned against “legitimacy” in all its forms, it was necessary to use force as a tool of politics, as is evident in modern political thought to protect political transition and protect peace, and the use of force to establish peace is not a heresy to the Arab coalition, but rather the Security Council that was established to protect international peace and security. It is based on the philosophy of using force to protect peace, and Article Seven and one of the most important pillars of the Security Council that it employs is based on that.
Therefore, the comparison between the intervention of the Arab coalition in Yemen and the terrorist militias that have turned against all constants and legitimacy is an unfair comparison, and whoever talks about it lacks a profound vision in reading the Yemeni scene.
In my opinion, the position of the international community has been consistent since the beginning of the crisis and has not changed much, as the Security Council issued 12 decisions in addition to many sessions that claim that the Houthi militia is a coup and must hand over weapons, in addition to recommending sanctions and restrictions on them. Terrorism is practiced in all its forms.
Why is the international silence on the violations of Al-Houthi in Yemen, which the world condemned?
We must realize that there is a “state of schizophrenia” between the will of the international community, represented by the Security Council resolutions, and the behavior of the United Nations offices that are supposed to achieve the international will.
Unfortunately, the United Nations offices in Yemen are infiltrated by malicious networks and elements that support the Houthis, and this is reflected in the decisions that are in the interest of the coup militias, for example and to restrict the coverage of the United Nations offices on the violations of the Houthis against women, but recently it was revealed and the abuses became clear In Houthi prisons and detention facilities, some were listed as wanted by the courts.
It also became clear that the World Food Program in Yemen colluded with the Houthis, and there is a ship belonging to it in 2016 that was arrested for smuggling weapons to the militias. There is also corruption within the World Food Program by diverting aid and relief materials intended for the Yemeni people to support the revolutionaries and their families.
But when the picture became clear, the Executive Director of the World Food Program, David Beasley, said: The Houthis are stealing food from the mouths of the hungry, and confirming that there is evidence that they seized relief shipments, and the United Nations program also called for an immediate end to the manipulation in the distribution of humanitarian aid in Yemen after the discovery For evidence proving that these practices occurred in the capital, Sana’a, and other parts of the country, which are under the control of the revolutionaries, the infiltrations within international organizations and bodies in Yemen are either from networks behind Iran and Houthi militia members or networks of the Western democratic left.
Is the government of competencies capable of uniting and starting a new democratic path?
Government d. Moein Abdul-Malik faces great challenges, and when we begin to evaluate the work of the competencies government we must not forget the current circumstances and data, the Houthis swept away the state’s resources and seized them, and the centralization of the state in the capital, Sanaa, which means that the coup militias have put their hands firmly on government and official institutions and infrastructure, and this requires A great effort from the government of competencies, and this is not the only challenge, and according to a government statement, there are incursions and centers of influence from other groups that have penetrated the structures of legitimacy and are waging a hidden war that is no less than the role of the Houthis to thwart the government, so when we evaluate its performance, the achievements must be evaluated with challenges, there is a great will. From the government to implement the “Riyadh Agreement”, but there are great challenges that must be understood and given the government an opportunity to fulfill its duties.
Is the “Riyadh Agreement” still a point of light for peace in Yemen?
There is a famous speech by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz when he said: The “Riyadh Agreement” is a step to establish peace for Yemen in general, and it seems that it defines paths towards establishing real peace.
The Saudi diplomacy achieved great success in achieving the “Riyadh Agreement” to grasp the imminent dangers that fail in the battle for liberation. Yemen was on the brink of falling into a series of conflicts, fragmentation and successive conflicts. The wisdom and sophistication of Saudi officials had the greatest role in stopping this division. The Yemenis are aware of the Kingdom’s great efforts and action. The Grand Commander of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz and His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince, in order to restore security and stability to their countries.
How do Yemenis see the humanitarian support from the Kingdom?
Since the beginning of the war, the Kingdom has spent about $ 16 billion in relief only, and about $ 3 billion in project development, and the Kingdom is the first supporter of funds for the United Nations and international agencies, all this apart from deposits in the Central Bank of Yemen worth more than $ 2 billion to support the currency and the balance Payments and ensuring the arrival of foodstuffs to the Yemeni people affected by the scourge of the war, and with the start of the military operations of the Arab coalition, the Kingdom launched a system of parallel humanitarian operations to reduce the effects of the war that it does not want in the first place, and its positions always confirm its desire for peace, but unfortunately the Houthi’s positions are always in the field of escalation.
What are the most important scenarios for resolving the Yemeni crisis after the Saudi initiative?
Throughout modern history, there are models for ending the conflict, including the model for imposing the conditions of the victor, and it happened with the Nazis in World War II and proved its success, but the blood bill was exorbitant, and there is a model using armed military pressure to a certain degree, then a party weakens and accepts dialogue while it is content with the dictates of peace. The third model is the long-term forgotten wars, and I see Yemen go to the second model.
And the coalition is implementing the strategy of draining the Houthis with a small bill of blood to acquiesce the militias to hand over weapons, dismantle the relationship with Iran and stop the war in Yemen, and I expect the military pressure to continue stronger, especially after the revolutionaries ’intransigence and their missed the opportunity for peace through the Saudi initiative, and there will be great international support for the coalition to end the conflict in Yemen What reinforces this hypothesis is Britain’s announcement of sending troops to Yemen.
Washington also announced its support for the Kingdom in its right to defend its lands against Houthi attacks, which confirms that in the event that the Houthis do not bow to calls for peace, international support for the coalition may occur to end the crisis quickly.
Also, the American position will be stronger by exerting economic pressure on Al-Houthi, imposing sanctions, freezing assets, and re-placing militias on terrorist lists, which is expected to be taken by a decision of the Security Council.
It will launch large-scale military operations in accordance with international decisions, as happened with the terrorist organization “ISIS”, which was pursued until it left Syria, in addition to that there is an international position crystallizing in the necessity of storytelling Iran’s wings in the region.