NASA is testing the “Mars Helicopter” and documents the experiment in a great video

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On Monday morning, April 19, the US space agency “NASA” flew a miniature helicopter over the surface of Mars in the first flight of a powered and controlled plane from another planet.

And as he reported report For the Business Insider website, the Preseverance rover was only 64 meters from the event, and I saw the historic Ingenuity helicopter flight taking place at 3:34 AM ET, which is 7: 34 GMT, and the spacecraft recorded it in an awesome 40-second video.

The video shows the helicopter running in place at a speed of rotating blades 5 times the speed of the helicopter’s blades on the ground, then showing the height of the helicopter 3 meters above the surface of Mars, then after that the helicopter hovers and revolves around the “Preciverance” vehicle, then gently lower itself again in the dust.

Ingenuity and the Wright brothers

Before the experiment, the British newspaper The Guardian had pointed out report To her that this test flight will take place at a distance of 173 million miles from Earth on the floor of the vast Martian Basin called “Jizero Crater”, and the success of the flight depends on the ability of the “Ingenuity” helicopter to independently follow pre-programmed flight instructions.

The newspaper quoted Mimi Ong, director of the “Ingenuity” helicopter project, as saying, “The moment our team awaits has approached.”

NASA likens this experiment to the achievement of the Wright brothers 117 years ago, so a small piece of wing tissue from the original Wright plane was affixed to the bottom of the solar panel of the “Ingenuity” helicopter.

The newspaper added that the drone was transported to the Red Planet inside the Mars “Preseverance” of NASA, which landed on February 18 in the Jezero crater after a journey that lasted nearly 7 months through space.

After the success of “Ingenuity”, it is expected that it will make many extra long trips during the coming weeks, although it will need some rest between 4 to 5 days between each flight to recharge its batteries.

NASA hopes that “ingenuity” will pave the way for aerial observations of Mars and other destinations in the solar system, such as Venus or Saturn’s moon Titan.

NASA hopes that “Ingenuity” will pave the way for aerial surveillance of Mars and other destinations (European)

Ingenuity processing

The newspaper stated that the gravity of Mars is much less than that of Earth, but that its atmosphere is only 1% thick, which poses a challenge to the ability to fly.

Engineers equipped “Ingenuity” with rotating blades that are 4 feet long, and rotate more quickly than is required to fly to the ground for a plane of its size.

The design has been successfully tested in vacuum chambers built at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to simulate Martian conditions, but it remains to be seen whether the “Ingenuity” will fly on the Red Planet.

The small and lightweight aircraft has already passed a critical test early by demonstrating its ability to withstand nighttime temperatures as low as -90 degrees Celsius, using solar energy alone to recharge its batteries and heat internal components properly.

It is noteworthy that this flight – which was planned a week ago – was delayed due to a technical defect during a test of rotation of the plane’s engines on April 9, and NASA confirmed that this problem has been solved since then.

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