Prince Philip, the deceased husband of Queen Elizabeth II of Britain today, has witnessed many important events in the history of the United Kingdom and the world during his nearly 100 years of life.
Prince Philip was born on June 10, 1921 on the Greek island of Corfu to the family of Prince Andre (son of the Greek King George I) and his wife, German Princess Alyssa (who is the granddaughter of British Queen Victoria), and was baptized in the Orthodox Christian rites.
In 1922, Prince Andre’s family was exiled from Greece and moved to Paris, and since 1928 Prince Philip has been staying with his relatives in London.
In the 1930s, Prince Philip was educated in the schools of Germany and Scotland, then at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth.
In 1939 Prince Philip met Princesses Elizabeth (the future Queen) and Margaret when they accompanied their parents, King George VI and Queen Mother Elizabeth during their visit to the Naval College (and they were close relatives of Prince Philip).
Prince Philip, upon graduating from college in 1940, became the best student in his course.
He participated in World War II with the ranks of the Royal Navy, and in a number of major combat operations, including the Battle of Crete and the invasion of Sicily, ending the war with the rank of first lieutenant.
Prince Philip and Princess Elizabeth began exchanging letters in the late 1930s, and in 1946 Philip approached King George with a request for his daughter’s hand, and the monarch immediately agreed.
Philip and Elizabeth’s engagement was officially announced on the tenth of July 1947, and their wedding, which was broadcast around the world on radio, was organized on November 20 of the same year at Westminster Abbey.
For the sake of this marriage, Prince Philip had to agree to a number of conditions, including moving from Orthodox Christianity to Anglicanism and giving up the titles “Prince of Greece” and “Prince of Denmark”, in addition to giving up the opportunity to give his family name to his children.
And the marriage of Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth 73 years, during which they have four children, the oldest of whom is the current Crown Prince Prince Charles.
After his wife’s accession to the throne in 1952, Prince Philip focused on official duties and carried out many foreign visits.
In 1973 Prince Philip became the first member of the British royal family to visit the Soviet Union with an unofficial visit.
Prince Philip was also known for his extensive activities in the field of environmental protection, and between 1981 and 1996 he chaired the World Wide Fund for Nature.
Prince Philip relinquished his royal duties in 2017 and has appeared in public since only on rare occasions.