Eating enough food for the body to function properly and healthily is not new information. But some people may not know that there are many side effects of malnutrition. Of course, many know that overeating can lead to obesity and certain health problems, but in fact, when a person does not eat enough, he may also experience some health problems, according to the Boldsky site.
The body needs three appropriate, balanced meals a day in order to be physically and mentally healthy. Many neglect their meals frequently, perhaps due to their hectic lifestyle or dieting.
Experts advise not to skip meals, noting that in the case of fasting, one should have a light meal between breakfast and the pre-dawn meal, because failure to obtain adequate nutrition for the body can lead to frequent infections or high exposure to health ailments as a result of a weak immune system.
Nutritionists have emphasized, over and over again, the fact that hunger is not an effective form of dieting, that it has dire consequences and can even be counterproductive and instead of losing weight, a person can overeat after a period of hunger.
Nutritionists recommend providing the body with its daily requirements of carbohydrates and other nutrients to avoid the following problems:
1. Fluctuations of blood sugar
The moment a person eats food, their body begins to convert carbohydrates into glucose to provide them with energy. The human body needs a constant supply of glucose in order to function properly, but when starving, it deprives the body of glucose, causing blood sugar levels to drop dramatically, which can cause headaches, low energy and lethargy. Perhaps the most dangerous effect is that fluctuating blood sugar levels threaten long-term heart disease.
In most cases, hunger or malnutrition means that the body is deprived of nutrients, including fiber. Constipation is a side effect of low intake of high-fiber foods.
Starvation causes the body to become busy burning fat instead of glucose to provide energy. When the insulin level drops, the body overproduces an enzyme called orexin, which provides temporary energy. The brain also sends signals to the body to release excess adrenaline, which makes a person sleepless.
4. Hair loss
Head hair is mainly composed of protein, but it needs calcium, iron, and monounsaturated fatty acids to stay healthy. Depriving the body of these substances leads to dry scalp and hair follicles to be affected, which leads to excessive hair loss.
5. Rapid anger and tension
An unexplained feeling of anger can be caused by not eating breakfast. Experts explain that hunger leads to low levels of serotonin in the body, which leads to feeling easily angry or upset.
6. Digestion problems
Not eating enough food can severely affect the digestive system. And when a person is hungry, the digestive system shrinks and thus it becomes difficult to absorb a normal diet. The stomach acid production is also reduced. If hunger is frequent and prolonged, the enzyme activity in the stomach may stop completely, which may need treatment to return it to normal.
7. Constant hunger
Feeling hungry throughout the day is another sign that a person is not eating well. Appetite and cravings can increase in response to caloric restriction due to changes in the levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness. So, if the amount of calories a person consumes is reduced, his body will send signals to the mind, making him feel hungry all the time.
8. The inability to become pregnant
Studies have shown that women who are starving and eat less often find it difficult to conceive, mainly due to irregular periods. When the body does not receive enough food, the iron level can drop, thus delaying the menstrual cycle. An irregular menstrual cycle can make it difficult to get pregnant.
9. A constant feeling of cold
Experts say that the human body needs to burn a certain number of calories in order to generate heat and maintain a healthy and comfortable temperature. So, if a person is not eating enough, he or she is likely to feel cold all the time.
10. Anxiety and stress
Studies show that stress and anxiety can occur in response to extremely low calorie intake. The results of some studies indicated that people who are overweight and who eat a low-calorie diet suffer from stress and anxiety.