The newest space agency’s spacecraft landed on the red planet before 21:00 GMT on Thursday, February 18th, after “7 minutes of terror.”
The $ 2.2 billion spacecraft is equipped with 23 cameras, including nine for engineering work, seven for science and seven to help it land on Mars.
The first shot returned from Mars was a dusty black and white photograph taken by a navigation camera, showing rocks of various sizes scattered across the Jezero crater.
Among the most famous photos sent, the rover appears on Mars, attached to a crane that helped it land safely on the Red Planet.
Other photos include an exciting HD 360 panoramic image of the Martian scene, and a video of the Perseverance landing.
All the cameras on Perseverance serve multiple purposes, beyond just sending images showing landscapes, sunrises and sunsets, and the horizon of another world.
The space agency said the rover’s cameras will help scientists assess the geological history and weather conditions of the Jezero crater, and identify rocks and sediments that deserve closer examination and collection for an eventual return to Earth.
The camera system can detect details as small as 3 to 5 mm near the rover, and 2 to 3 meters in the far slopes along the horizon.
The majority of the cameras on the vehicle are designed for engineering use and provide detailed information – in color – about the terrain the rover has to cross. It measures the ground for safe driving, checks the condition of equipment on the vehicle for analysis and supports sample collection – a primary goal of the mission.
There are HazCams to spot hazards, Navcams for navigation, laser-beam cameras and those that shoot video or capture 3D scenes.
To date, the majority of the images have come from the various entry, exit and landing cameras – including those looking at the parachute, landing stage and rover.
There are more than 4,625 images taken by the landing and descending cameras, of which about 600 are taken from the left and right flags, “Mastcam-Z”.
This makes sense given that we only spent a week on a mission that could last more than a decade, capturing hundreds of thousands of photos, videos and audio files.
For comparison, Curiosity, the rover that has been on Mars since 2012, has taken nearly 400,000 images of the red planet from fewer cameras.
A number of exciting photos, videos and even audio clips have already been shared on the Red Planet, from the Perseverance range of cameras and equipment.
This included a video clip showing the “7 minutes of terror” the rover passed through as it descended through the Martian atmosphere, landing at the crater.
The first image that NASA shared from Mars, which was sent minutes after the lander landed on the red planet, was in black and white through the lens of the hazard cameras’ eyes.
The picture appeared while the mission watch crew was still celebrating the successful landing at the crater, which is 28 miles wide, which was chosen as a promising target for finding signs of ancient life.
One of the latest images included a dramatic 360-degree panorama taken by Navcams’ cameras, grouped together, from six individual images after they were sent to Earth.
It showed the dark rust-colored orange of Mars’ surface, looking towards the horizon with a light orange / pink sky.
Other panoramic images show the surface of the vehicle with the equipment used to search for signs of long-elapsed Martian microbial life, and a panoramic view captured by the Mastcam-Z.
It was the first panorama from a scientific camera, showing rocks like rocks in the foreground, with sweeping hills in the background, pointing towards the edge of Jezero Crater.
More images are being shared all the time, with more than 5,600 raw images already displayed on the spacecraft page – including bright red shots of the surface.
Astrobiology is one of the main goals of the Perseverance mission on Mars, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life.
The craft will distinguish the planet’s geology and past climate, and pave the way for human exploration of the red planet, and it will be the first mission to collect and store rocks and Martian regoliths.
Subsequent missions, currently under consideration by NASA in cooperation with the European Space Agency (ESA), will send spacecraft to Mars to collect these temporarily stored samples from the surface and return them to Earth for in-depth analysis.