The Saudi initiative on Yemen has placed the Houthi militia in direct confrontation and under the microscope of the international community, as a test and a serious opportunity that exposes the truth and desire of the revolutionaries towards peace or not.
For 6 years, the dependence of the Houthi militia’s decision was the main reason for fueling the war, as the revolutionaries continued their terrorist attacks without considering the suffering of the Yemeni people as part of their role in the axis of Iran’s devastation in the region.
The terrorist militia rejected any ceasefire under the supervision of the United Nations, claiming that the Saudi initiative was not serious, and emphasized the military escalation and the continuation of hostile attacks, in its first response.
The Houthi militia blew up the efforts of the United Nations to resume the political process, claiming through its spokesperson Muhammad Abdul Salam that separating the humanitarian file is a military or political bargain, claiming that the initiative is nothing new in it.
The Saudi initiative to solve the Yemeni crisis was widely welcomed by the Arab and regional countries, and according to the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the initiative to end the Yemeni crisis gives the opportunity to stop the bloodshed and address the humanitarian and economic conditions that the Yemeni people are suffering from.
The Saudi initiative proposes 4 main axes: a comprehensive ceasefire under the supervision of the United Nations, and the deposit of taxes and customs revenues for fuel from the port of Hodeidah in the joint account at the Central Bank in Hodeidah in accordance with the Stockholm Agreement.
It also includes the opening of Sanaa airport to international and regional travelers and the start of consultations for a political solution between the Yemeni parties. These axes actually put an end to the Houthis’ blackmail of the United Nations with the humanitarian file in particular.
It is also blocking the road to the militia, which is trying to mislead the international community by provoking and creating living crises in the areas under its control, and claiming that there is a blockade on the entry of fuel and derivatives through the port of Hodeidah, as well as pushing to ensure the opening of Sanaa airport to smuggle weapons from Iran.
The internationally recognized Yemeni government welcomed the Saudi initiative, stressing that it fully agrees with the position of legitimacy and adheres to the Security Council resolution, which is a real test for the Houthi militias and the extent of the international community’s effectiveness in ending the human suffering of the Yemeni people and resuming the political path.
Houthi escalation continues
This is not the first time that the militias reject peace. A year ago, when the Arab coalition declared a unilateral ceasefire, the Houthis responded with continuous attacks on Marib, Hodeidah and the cities of Yemen, and extended to Saudi Arabia.
Yemeni activists say that the Houthi militia does not have the right to accept or reject the Saudi initiative and is waiting for guidance from Tehran, which is keen to place the Yemeni crisis in the files of the nuclear agreement with Washington.
Researcher and journalist Fakhri Al-Arashi said that the positions of states are not equal to the positions of the militias. After the international and regional welcome to the Saudi initiative, the leaders of the Houthi militia proved that they are “war merchants.”
In his blog post on Twitter, he pointed out that the stance of the Yemeni Foreign Ministry and the Arab, international and international stances towards the initiative in order to achieve an end to war and peace is a responsible position, while the coup militia trades in its stances, fearing reconciliation. “War merchants do not welcome peace.”
Since Washington announced its support for the peace process in Yemen and the call for a comprehensive peace, the government of legitimacy, Saudi Arabia and the coalition have presented a responsible position, while the Houthis responded with the military escalation and the continuing terrorist attacks on Marib and the cities of the Kingdom and intensified the battles in several governorates.
Humanitarian commitment and Houthi disavowal
The Saudi initiative not only agrees with the Yemeni government because it is based on international references, but it is a new affirmation of humanitarian commitment and fulfills the urgent outlines of the United Nations for a political solution and the efforts of Washington and the Sultanate of Oman.
The Saudi initiative, in its 4 points, which the United Nations places as a necessary priority to achieve a real breakthrough in the Yemeni crisis and to resume the political process.
The UN envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, said in his briefing, last Wednesday, to the Security Council, that the urgent agenda of the United Nations includes “a comprehensive ceasefire, the opening of Sanaa airport, ensuring the flow of fuel and other goods through Hodeidah ports and the resumption of the political process.”
He explained that the humanitarian measures related to the ceasefire and the opening of the airport and port would “reduce the impact of the conflict on civilians and facilitate the ability of Yemenis to exercise their rights to freedom of movement and movement.”
The Houthi militia still refuses to implement the stalled Stockholm Agreement since December 18, 2018, and even blew the calm in Hodeidah with thousands of violations and hundreds of military ground attacks and against civilians, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries.
According to the United Nations, the Houthi militia vacated the agreement between the legitimate government and the coup leaders regarding the use of revenues from oil shipments through Hodeidah ports to pay the salaries of Yemeni employees, after the looting of more than 50 billion riyals from the joint account in the central bank branch in Hodeidah.
According to the latest report of the United Nations experts, the Houthi militia has spread the humanitarian crisis by looting about one billion and 800 million US dollars, which was allocated by the Yemeni government to pay salaries and alleviate the suffering of Yemenis.