A report by the British newspaper had warned of the outbreak of the “Nipah” virus that appeared in China recently, indicating that the death rate from this dangerous virus may reach 75 percent of its victims.
According to the newspaper, Jayasri Ayer, executive director of the European Access to Medicine Foundation, said: “The Nipah virus is an infectious disease that causes great concern. The Nipah pandemic could break out at any moment. The next global epidemic could be with a drug-resistant infection.”
According to the report, Nipah can cause severe respiratory problems, as well as inflammation and swelling of the brain, and its death rate ranges from 40 percent to 75 percent.
In an interview with Al-Hurra, the internal diseases specialist at Med Clinic clinics in Abu Dhabi, Hakama Manad, explained that this disease is not new, as it appeared in East Asia in 1998, and that its source is fruit bats after its outbreak was linked to drinking date palm juice .
Manad explained that this is a serious respiratory infection that affects the nervous systems and the brain, and it was observed during its outbreak in Malaysia that 115 patients died from it, out of a total of 265 patients at that time.
She indicated that the disease can be transmitted from animal to human directly and from infected humans to ordinary people, and thus it can spread rapidly in the absence of precautionary measures to prevent its spread.
Regarding his symptoms, Manad said that most of the patients suffer from fever, high temperature, stomach and intestinal pain, nausea and vomiting, in addition to great difficulty in eating and swallowing food, weakness and blurred vision.
And she continued, at a later stage, patients enter a coma, are transferred to intensive care rooms, and put on respirators, noting that the statistics indicate that at least two-thirds of those infected with the virus may reach that stage.
She stressed that critically ill patients will also suffer from a sharp rise in blood pressure, a rapid rate of heart palpitations, and the continued rise in temperatures.
And considering that this dangerous disease does not have any treatment from drugs or vaccines so far, Dr. Manad believes that the best solution is to take proactive measures and isolate patients in specific geographical areas, as happened with other serious diseases such as the Ebola virus.