Scientists fired from NASA agency And the German Space Center has many fungal and bacterial organisms to the stratosphere in 2019 as part of the MARSBOx experiment, the stratosphere, the second major layer of Earth’s atmosphere above the ozone layer, has conditions very similar to the Red Planet and is the perfect place to send samples to see what If it were to live on Mars, now, scientists have published a paper on their findings, where they discuss how black mold spores survived the flight.
Microorganisms can only live on Mars temporarily to be exact, but researchers have found that the spores can revive after returning home, the team developed fungal spores from Aspergillus
niger, Salinisphaera shabanensis, Staphylococcus capitis subsp, capitis and Buttiauxella sp, MASE-IM-9 bacterial cells inside a MARSBOx aluminum container (or microbes in Atmosphere For the experiment of radiation, survival, and biological findings).
There were two layers of samples inside the container, the bottom layer protected from radiation so that NASA could separate the effects of radiation from the effects of other environmental conditions, carrying the NASA container balloon to the stratosphere, where the samples were subjected to conditions similar to those of Mars and were exposed to UV rays more than a thousand times Levels that cause Sunburn.
So what does Aspergillus niger survive the journey mean for travel to The space? Said Katarina Sims, team member
From the German Space Center: “Through long-range manned missions to Mars, we need to know how microorganisms associated with humans survive on the red planet, as some of them may pose a threat to the health of astronauts. In addition, some microbes can be valuable High Space Exploration, helping us produce food and material supplies independently of Earth, which will be essential when we are away from home. ”
In the past year, NASA has updated its policies to reflect its stronger commitment to preventing human contamination of the moon and Mars, the agency wants to ensure that it does not unintentionally take living organisms or other pollutants from Earth to other worlds, as this could harm the search for life outside Planet earth.
Their repatriation from other worlds may negatively affect our environment, Sims explained that experiments like the MARSBOx mission are a really important way to help us explore all the implications of space travel on microbial life and how we can direct this knowledge towards amazing space discoveries.