Players’ injuries … between negligence and lack of culture

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Usually, with the start of every new season in the Lebanese Football League, the number of injuries in the teams increases. It is tangible given the lack of good physical preparation in a number of teams before the start of the season, as the player’s muscle needs certain programs in order to have endurance and to be protected naturally.This type of injury increased at a clear pace in the first six stages, and was accompanied by the so-called muscle spasms that sometimes hit a large number of players and from the same team, and they fell to the ground one by one in the same match or forced their coach to make emergency substitutions.

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This type of cramps, or what is known as muscle tension, is associated with the rupture of tissues at a high rate, which calls for highlighting this phenomenon in order to avoid it in parallel with the development of the work carried out by trainers or physical trainers.
In this context, the physical therapist and sports medicine researcher, Dr. Melhem Shams indicates that he recently conducted a recent study on a number of Lebanese players that enabled him to identify the factors affecting the increase in injuries, which is a very important issue for him according to what he says, because it enables him to besiege aspects of the common problem. And treat it, as he works with a large number of them, as he is medically supervising the Al-Safa team in the first class, the Sporting team in the second division, the Homin team in halls soccer, in addition to the Olympic team and a number of academies.
Shamas says: “When players are injured by this amount or suffer from the same problem, we must first ask if the physical preparation has sufficient time or the internationally approved conditions, especially since FIFA launched advanced programs for players to return to the stadiums after the Corona crisis. Therefore, fitness training must first be in line with developments, the current situation and the period of forced pause. ”
However, it is necessary here to stop at the player’s responsibility also regarding preparing for matches, in terms of eating the correct food and nutritional supplements, and getting enough sleep, a matter related to sports awareness in terms of educating players and lighting an important point which is that their bodies are a special responsibility towards themselves .

Lack of awareness and individual assumption of responsibility during the lockdown increased the level of injuries

The clubs and the coaches behind them also bear an issue that the players complain about a lot, which is the insistence on them to return to training despite not fully recovering from the injury or feeling exhausted, which raises the risk of their injury or the multiplication of an existing injury and in some cases turning it into a chronic injury.
Shamas comments on this point, saying: “It is the responsibility of the technical and medical apparatus to apply the correct rules of giving the player sufficient time to resume his activity, and the quality of warm-up and cooling before and after each training session, which are steps that are not applied in many clubs, as witnessed by a large number of players.”
But there is no doubt that Corona has hit all the systems related to the daily life of the players, specifically the diet, as with the majority of players staying in their homes for a long time, most of them suffered from weight gain due to overeating and diverging from the usual daily routine that imposes attention to the quality of eating And its quantity and create a balance between the diet and training, which is supposed to be subject to the supervision of technical agencies as well.

Between physical and medical solutions
Therefore, there are many problems that result in injuries to players currently in the Lebanese League, and they have reached, according to some coaches, to assign the reason to their players because of the quality of the shoes they use, in parallel to their playing most of the matches on artificial ground, including in a very bad condition and causing injuries.
But it is more certain that the forced closure of the country will lead to more problems with regard to injuries, as the period of stopping training and matches is not short, although some teams continued to train in secret, while the teams that were unable to complete their usual activities were supposed to follow their players closely or instruct them with necessity Practice individually.
Shamas compares this point with what happened around the world, explaining: “The period of closure and its sudden occurrence was a fundamental act in the deterioration of the physical readiness of most players worldwide, but the athlete’s culture and professionalism abroad enabled him to realize the risks and start early preparation, either on a personal or collective initiative.” He added, “But it should be noted that international studies have predicted an increase in the number of injuries, considering that home training is not sufficient, in addition to a change in the player’s dietary routine and the presence of the psychological pressure factor, which leads to a clear drain on the player’s readiness.”
Indeed, some studies conducted in the German League and the Australian League, with the resumption of the football season after stopping due to “Corona”, revealed a remarkable increase in the percentage of injuries, especially those associated with spasms and muscle tears and even the increase in injuries related to muscle membranes. In Lebanon, the lack of sports awareness and individual responsibility, especially during the closure, led to an increase in the level of injuries, so collective initiatives are required to motivate players to keep training, which is an issue that, although it happened in some clubs, they were shy.
Shamas stops at this point and says: “We, as a technical and medical apparatus, must jointly recommend a physical preparation program intertwined with an injury prevention program and circulate it as a general approach to work for all league teams. The development of training programs and defining their frameworks is one of the basic and critical issues for injury prevention. He continues: “The training courses should include special programs for aerobic exercises, resistance, speed and flexibility, especially at certain stages of the season, and all of this, of course, is based on the progress of the training load and the consequent physiological adaptation response.” He concludes: “In addition, injury prevention exercises must be combined with a special focus on avoiding common injuries related to tendons and muscles.”
These programs are not new, as they are in the International Federation of the Game, and they have been developed and their effectiveness studied, so the serious and responsible application remains in our sports sector, in parallel with the directives of the game owners and specialists in this field to distribute information in order to divide the tasks and create a clear and useful structure for the programs for the technical devices This means that the creation of a joint medical sports committee has become a crucial issue to monitor, evaluate, develop and implement what is needed in the service of the public interest.

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